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9th Circuit Weighs Lethal Injection Challenge in California

Note: The Court of Appeals denied the challenge to California's lethal injection process. Just one week before the scheduled execution of California death row inmate Donald Beardslee, judges from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit are considering a suit filed by the ACLU of California, Death Penalty Focus, and Beardslee's defense attorneys concerning the state's use of a paralyzing chemical called Pavulon in lethal injections. Beardslee's attorneys said that Pavulon could prevent an inmate from crying out in pain, and that it could mask suffering caused by asphyxiation and the searing sensation caused by the last administered chemical in the lethal injection process, potassium chloride. Some of the judges expressed concerns about the state's secretiveness and lack of detail regarding the chemical: "You're putting us in an awkward position," said Judge Sidney Thomas to the state's lawyer. "Some other states don't use it." Defense attorneys argued that the purpose of including Pavulon is to keep the public in the dark about whether the state's lethal injection method is inhumane. A ruling is still pending regarding this appeal, and a separate bid for clemency from the governor will be heard soon by the state's parole board. (Sacramento Bee, January 13, 2005). This would be the 11th execution in California since the death penalty was reinstated 30 years ago. There are 638 people on the state's death row.


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Executions in the United States in 2005
DATE NUMBER SINCE 1976 STATE NAME AGE RACE VICTIM RACE METHOD
1/04/05 945 TX James Porter* 33 W L Lethal Injection
1/19/05 946 CA Donald Beardslee 61 W 2W Lethal Injection
1/25/05 947 TX Troy Kunkle 38 W W Lethal Injection
1/25/05 948 GA Timothy Carr 34 W W Lethal Injection
2/17/05 949 TX Dennis Bagwell 41 W 4W Lethal Injection
3/01/05 950 GA Stephen Mobley 39 W W Lethal Injection
3/08/05 951 OH William H. Smith 47 B B Lethal Injection
3/08/05 952 TX George Hopper 50 W W Lethal Injection
3/10/05 953 IN Donald Wallace 47 W 4W Lethal Injection
3/11/05 954 NC William Powell 58 W W Lethal Injection
3/15/05 955 OK Jimmy Ray Slaughter 57 W 2W Lethal Injection
3/16/05 956 MO Stanley Hall 37 B W Lethal Injection
4/05/05 957 FL Glen Ocha* 47 W W Lethal Injection
4/15/05 958 SC Richard Longworth 36 W 2W Lethal Injection
4/20/05 959 TX Douglas Roberts 42 W L Lethal Injection
4/21/05 960 IN Bill J. Benefiel, Jr. 48 W W Lethal Injection
4/27/05 961 MO Donald Jones 38 B B Lethal Injection
4/28/05 962 AL Mario Centobie* 39 W W Lethal Injection
5/3/05 963 TX Lonnie Wayne Pursley 43 W W Lethal Injection
5/6/05 964 NC Earl J. Richmond, Jr. 43 B 4B Lethal Injection
5/12/05 965 OK George James Miller, Jr. 37 B W Lethal Injection
5/13/05 966 CT Michael Ross* 45 W 4W Lethal Injection
5/17/05 967 MO Vernon Brown 51 B 2B Lethal Injection
5/18/05 968 TX Bryan Wolfe 44 B B Lethal Injection
5/19/05 969 TX Richard Cartwright 31 W L Lethal Injection
5/25/05 970 IN Gregory Scott Johnson 40 W W Lethal Injection
6/2/05 971 AL Jerry Paul Henderson 58 W W Lethal Injection
6/7/05 972 TX Alexander Martinez* 28 L L Lethal Injection
7/12/05 973 GA Robert Dale Conklin 44 W W Lethal Injection
7/19/05 974 OK Michael L. Pennington 37 B W Lethal Injection
7/27/05 975 IN Kevin Conner 38 W 3W Lethal Injection
7/28/05 976 TX David Martinez 29 L W Lethal Injection
8/4/05 977 AL George Sibley 62 W W Lethal Injection
8/10/05 978 TX Gary Sterling 38 B W Lethal Injection
8/11/05 979 OK Kenneth Eugene Turrentine 52 B B Lethal Injection
8/23/05 980 TX Robert Alan Shields 30 W W Lethal Injection
8/31/05 981 MO Timothy Johnston 44 W W Lethal Injection
9/14/05 982 TX Frances Newton ( ƒ) 40 B 3B Lethal Injection
9/22/05 983 AL John W. Peoples Jr. 48 W 3W Lethal Injection
9/27/05 984 OH Herman Dale Ashworth* 32 W W Lethal Injection
9/28/05 985 IN Alan Matheney 54 W W Lethal Injection
10/6/05 986 TX Ronald Ray Howard 32 B W Lethal Injection
10/20/05 987 TX Luis Ramirez 42 L L Lethal Injection
10/25/05 988 OH William Williams, Jr. 48 B 4B Lethal Injection
10/26/05 989 MO Marlin Gray 38 B 2W Lethal Injection
11/3/05 990 TX Melvin White 55 W W Lethal Injection
11/4/05 991 DE Brian Steckel 36 W W Lethal Injection
11/4/05 992 SC Arthur Hastings Wise* 51 B 4W Lethal Injection
11/9/05 993 TX Charles Thacker 38 W W Lethal Injection
11/11/05 994 NC Steven Van McHone 35 W 2W Lethal Injection
11/15/05 995 TX Robert Rowell 50 W W, L Lethal Injection
11/16/05 996 TX Shannon Thomas 34 B 3L Lethal Injection
11/18/05 997 NC Elias Hanna Syriani 67 A A Lethal Injection
11/28/05 998 AR Eric Randall Nance 45 W W Lethal Injection
11/29/05 999 OH John R. Hicks 49 B 2B Lethal Injection
12/2/05 1000 NC Kenneth Lee Boyd 57 W 2W Lethal Injection
12/2/05 1001 SC Shawn Humphries 33 W W Lethal Injection
12/5/05 1002 MD Wesley E. Baker 47 B W Lethal Injection
12/13/05 1003 CA Stanley Williams 51 B 3A, W Lethal Injection
12/14/05 1004 MS John Nixon 77 W W Lethal Injection


ƒ female
* volunteer - an inmate who has given up his/her appeals and requested the earliest execution date

# juvenile at time of the crime
~foreign national
¥ white defendant executed for murder of black victim
**Race of defendant information supplied by NAACP Legal Defense Fund "Death Row USA"

Back to Lists of Individuals Executed Since 1976

General Execution and Death Row Information
-Compiled by Death Penalty Information Center
 
 

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