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List of Defendants with Mental Retardation Executed in the United States

1976-2002*

Name

State

Race

I.Q.

Execution Date

1. Arthur F. Goode, III

FL

W

60-63

04/05/84

2. Ivon Ray Stanley

GA

B

62

07/12/84

3. James Dupree Henry

FL

B

low 70s

09/20/84

4. Morris Odell Mason

VA

B

62-66

06/25/85

5. James Terry Roach

SC

W

69-70

01/10/86

6. Jerome Bowden

GA

B

59-65

06/24/86

7. Willie Celestine

LA

W

(68-81) 77

07/20/87

8. John Brogdon

LA

W

mild MR

07/30/87

9. Horace Dunkins

AL

B

65-69

07/14/89

10. Alton Waye

VA

B

probable MR

08/30/89

11. Johnny Ray Anderson

TX

W

70

05/17/90

12. Dalton Prejean

LA

B

71-76

05/18/90

13. Ricky Ray Rector

AR

B

MR from lobotomy

01/24/92

14. Johnny Frank Garrett

TX

W

dual MR/MI

02/11/92

15. Billy Wayne White

TX

B

66-69

04/23/92

16. Nollie Lee Martin

FL

W

dual MR/MI

05/12/92

17. Ricky Lee Grubbs

MO

W

72

10/21/92

18. Cornelius Singleton

AL

B

55-67

11/20/92

19. Robert Wayne Sawyer

LA

W

65-68

03/05/93

20. William Henry Hance

GA

B

mild MR

03/31/94

21. Mario Marquez

TX

L

65

01/17/95

22. Willie Clisby

AL

B

mild MR

04/28/95

23. Varnell Weeks

AL

B

mild MR

05/12/95

24. Girvies Davis

IL

B

low borderline MR

05/17/95

25. Sylvester Adams

SC

B

65-69

08/18/95

26. Barry Lee Fairchild

AR

B

60-63(note

08/31/95

27. Walter Milton Correll

VA

W

68

01/4/96

28. Luis Mata

AZ

L

68-70

08/22/96

29. John Earl Bush

FL

B

low borderline MR

10/21/96

30. Frank Middleton

SC

B

68-69

11/22/96

31. Terry Washington

TX

B

58-69

05/06/97

32. Tony Mackall

VA

B

64

02/20/98

33. Reginald Powell

MO

B

65

02/25/98

34. Robert Carter

TX

B

mild MR

05/18/98

35. Dwayne Allen Wright

VA

B

MR/MI

10/14/98

36. Ronald Yeats

VA

W

70

04/29/99

37. Norman Lee Newsted

OK

W

MR/MI

07/08/99

38. Raymond James Jones

TX

B

MR

09/01/99

39. David R. Leisure

MO

W

74

09/01/99

40. Charles Anthony Boyd

TX

B

64

08/5/99

41. Willie Sullivan

DE

B

58-70

09/24/99

42. Oliver Cruz

TX

L

64-76

08/09/00

43. Wanda Jean Allen

OK

B

69

01/11/00

44. Robert Clayton

OK

W

68

03/01/01

(Source: Dr. Denis Keyes, William Edwards, Esq., & Robert Perske, "People with Mental Retardation are Dying - Legally: At least 44 have been executed," Mental Retardation, Vol. 3, June 2002. pp. 243-44).

*In 2002, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Atkins v. Virginia that executing inmates with "mental retardation" was unconstitutional. Some inmates with claims of intellectual disability have been executed since then, but they are not included in this list.


Return to Intellectual Disability


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