International

Abolitionist and Retentionist Countries

Abolitionist and Retentionist Countries
Abolitionist and Retentionist Countries
TYPE OF COUNTRYNUMBER
Abolitionist for all Crimes 106
Abolitionist for Ordinary Crimes only 7
Abolitionist in Practice 29
Retentionist Countries 56
Total Abolitionist in law or practice 142

Abolitionist for All Crimes

Countries whose laws do not provide for the death penalty for any crime

ALBANIA GEORGIA NIUE
ANDORRA GERMANY NORWAY
ANGOLA GREECE PALAU
ARGENTINA GUINEA PANAMA
ARMENIA GUINEA-BISSAU PARAGUAY
AUSTRALIA HAITI PHILIPPINES
AUSTRIA HOLY SEE POLAND
AZERBAIJAN HONDURAS PORTUGAL
BELGIUM HUNGARY ROMANIA
BENIN ICELAND RWANDA
BHUTAN IRELAND SAMOA
BOLIVIA ITALY SAN MARINO
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA KIRIBATI SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
BULGARIA KYRGYZSTAN SENEGAL
BURUNDI LATVIA SERBIA
CAMBODIA LIECHTENSTEIN SEYCHELLES
CABO VERDE LITHUANIA SLOVAKIA
CANADA LUXEMBOURG SLOVENIA
COLOMBIA MACEDONIA (former Yugoslav Republic) SOLOMON ISLANDS
COOK ISLANDS MADAGASCAR SOUTH AFRICA
CONGO (REPUBLIC OF) MALTA SPAIN
COSTA RICA MARSHALL ISLANDS SURINAME
COTE D’IVOIRE MAURITIUS SWEDEN
CROATIA MEXICO SWITZERLAND
CYPRUS MICRONESIA (Federated States) TIMOR-LESTE
CZECH REPUBLIC MOLDOVA TOGO
DENMARK MONACO TURKEY
DJIBOUTI MONTENEGRO TURKMENISTAN
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC MOZAMBIQUE TUVALU
ECUADOR NAMIBIA UKRAINE
ESTONIA NAURU UNITED KINGDOM
FINLAND NEPAL URUGUAY
FIJI NETHERLANDS UZBEKISTAN
FRANCE NEW ZEALAND VANUATU
GABON NICARAGUA VENEZUELA

Abolitionist for “Ordinary Crimes” Only

Countries whose laws provide for the death penalty only for exceptional crimes such as crimes under military law or crimes committed in exceptional circumstances

BRAZIL GUATEMALA KAZAKHSTAN
CHILE GUINEA PERU
EL SALVADOR ISRAEL

Abolitionist in Practice

Countries which retain the death penalty for ordinary crimes such as murder but can be considered abolitionist in practice in that they have not executed anyone during the past 10 years and are believed to have a policy or established practice of not carrying out executions. The list also includes countries which have made an international commitment not to use the death penalty

ALGERIA LAOS PAPUA NEW GUINEA
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM LIBERIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION
BURKINA FASO MALAWI SIERRA LEONE
CAMEROON MALDIVES SRI LANKA
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC MALI SWAZILAND
ERITREA MAURITANIA TAJIKISTAN
GHANA MONGOLIA TANZANIA
GRENADA MOROCCO TONGA
KENYA MYANMAR TUNISIA
KOREA (SOUTH) NIGER ZAMBIA

Retentionist Countries

Countries which retain the death penalty for ordinary crimes

AFGHANISTAN GUATEMALA QATAR
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA GUYANA SAINT KITTS & NEVIS
BAHAMAS INDIA SAINT LUCIA
BAHRAIN INDONESIA SAINT VINCENT & GRENADINES
BANGLADESH IRAN SAUDI ARABIA
BARBADOS IRAQ SINGAPORE
BELARUS JAMAICA SOMALIA
BELIZE JAPAN SOUTH SUDAN
BOTSWANA JORDAN SUDAN
CHAD KOREA (NORTH) SYRIA
CHINA KUWAIT TAIWAN
COMOROS LEBANON THAILAND
CONGO (Democratic Republic) LESOTHO TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
CUBA LIBYA UGANDA
DOMINICA MALAYSIA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
EGYPT NIGERIA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
EQUATORIAL GUINEA OMAN VIET NAM
ETHIOPIA PAKISTAN YEMEN
GAMBIA PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY ZIMBABWE