International

Abolitionist and Retentionist Countries

Abolitionist and Retentionist Countries
Abolitionist and Retentionist Countries
TYPE OF COUNTRYNUMBER
Abolitionist
for all Crimes
108
Abolitionist for Ordinary
Crimes only

8

Abolitionist in Practice 28
Retentionist Countries 55
Total Abolitionist in law or
practice
144

Countries that have abolished the death penalty since 1976

International Death Penalty Database

Information accurate as of December 31, 2020 (Amnesty International)


Abolitionist for All Crimes

Countries whose laws do not provide for the death penalty for any crime

ALBANIA GEORGIA NIUE
ANDORRA GERMANY NORTH MACEDONIA
ANGOLA GREECE NORWAY
ARGENTINA GUINEA PALAU
ARMENIA GUINEA-BISSAU PANAMA
AUSTRALIA HAITI PARAGUAY
AUSTRIA HOLY SEE PHILIPPINES
AZERBAIJAN HONDURAS POLAND
BELGIUM HUNGARY PORTUGAL
BENIN ICELAND ROMANIA
BHUTAN IRELAND RWANDA
BOLIVIA ITALY SAMOA
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA KIRIBATI SAN MARINO
BULGARIA KOSOVO SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
BURUNDI KYRGYZSTAN SENEGAL
CABO VERDE LATVIA SERBIA
CAMBODIA LIECHTENSTEIN SEYCHELLES
CANADA LITHUANIA SLOVAKIA
CHADLUXEMBOURGSLOVENIA
COLOMBIA MADAGASCAR SOLOMON ISLANDS
CONGO (REPUBLIC OF) MALTA SOUTH AFRICA
COOK ISLANDS MARSHALL ISLANDS SPAIN
COSTA RICA MAURITIUS SURINAME
COTE D’IVOIRE MEXICO SWEDEN
CROATIA MICRONESIA (Federated States) SWITZERLAND
CYPRUS MOLDOVA TIMOR-LESTE
CZECH REPUBLIC MONACO TOGO
DENMARK MONGOLIA TURKEY
DJIBOUTI MONTENEGRO TURKMENISTAN
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC MOZAMBIQUE TUVALU
ECUADOR NAMIBIA UKRAINE
ESTONIA NAURU UNITED KINGDOM
FIJI NEPAL URUGUAY
FINLAND NETHERLANDS UZBEKISTAN
FRANCE NEW ZEALAND VANUATU
GABON NICARAGUA VENEZUELA

Abolitionist for “Ordinary Crimes” Only

Countries whose laws provide for the death penalty only for exceptional crimes such as crimes under military law or crimes committed in exceptional circumstances

BRAZIL CHILE ISRAEL
BURKINA FASO EL SALVADOR KAZAKHSTAN
GUATEMALA PERU

Abolitionist in Practice

Countries which retain the death penalty for ordinary crimes such as murder but can be considered abolitionist in practice in that they have not executed anyone during the past 10 years and are believed to have a policy or established practice of not carrying out executions. The list also includes countries which have made an international commitment not to use the death penalty

ALGERIA LAOS PAPUA NEW GUINEA
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM LIBERIA RUSSIAN FEDERATION
CAMEROON MALAWI SIERRA LEONE
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC MALDIVES SOUTH KOREA
ERITREA MALI SRI LANKA
ESWATINI MAURITANIA TAJIKISTAN
GHANA MOROCCO TANZANIA
GRENADA MYANMAR TONGA
KENYA NIGER TUNISIA

ZAMBIA

Retentionist Countries

Countries which retain the death penalty for ordinary crimes

AFGHANISTAN GUYANA QATAR
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA INDIA SAINT KITTS & NEVIS
BAHAMAS INDONESIA SAINT LUCIA
BAHRAIN IRAN SAINT VINCENT & GRENADINES
BANGLADESH IRAQ SAUDI ARABIA
BARBADOS JAMAICA SINGAPORE
BELARUS JAPAN SOMALIA
BELIZE JORDAN SOUTH SUDAN
BOTSWANA KUWAIT SUDAN
CHINA LEBANON SYRIA
COMOROS LESOTHO TAIWAN
CONGO (Democratic Republic) LIBYA THAILAND
CUBA MALAYSIA TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
DOMINICA NIGERIA UGANDA
EGYPT NORTH KOREA UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
EQUATORIAL GUINEA OMAN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
ETHIOPIA PAKISTAN VIET NAM
GAMBIA PALESTINIAN AUTHORITY YEMEN

ZIMBABWE