Studies

Items: 51 — 60


Mar 12, 2018

Global Study Highlights Systemic Risks of Wrongful Capital Convictions

In 2016, at least 60 pris­on­ers were exon­er­at­ed after hav­ing been con­demned to death, in coun­tries across the geo­graph­i­cal and polit­i­cal spec­trum,” accord­ing to a new report on wrong­ful cap­i­tal con­vic­tions by the Cornell Center on the Death Penalty Worldwide. The report, Justice Denied: A Global Study of Wrongful Death Row Convictions, ana­lyzes risk fac­tors for exe­cut­ing the inno­cent that are endem­ic in death penal­ty cas­es irre­spec­tive of where they are tried, and makes rec­om­men­da­tions for sys­temic reform. The six­ty exon­er­a­tions in just one year rep­re­sent[ ] only a tiny…

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Dec 12, 2017

Report: Deterrence is Based on Certainty of Apprehension, Not Severity of Punishment

The cer­tain­ty of appre­hen­sion, not the sever­i­ty of pun­ish­ment, is more effec­tive as a deter­rent. So argues Daniel S. Nagin (pic­tured), one of the nation’s fore­most schol­ars on deter­rence and crim­i­nal jus­tice pol­i­cy, in his chap­ter on Deterrence in the recent­ly released Academy for Justice four-vol­ume study, Reforming Criminal Justice. Reviewing deter­rence schol­ar­ship since the 1960s and five lead­ing stud­ies from the past two decades, Dr. Nagin con­cludes that evi­dence sup­port­ing a deter­rent effect from the cer­tain­ty of pun­ish­ment is far more con­vinc­ing and con­sis­tent than for the sever­i­ty of…

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Sep 12, 2017

NEW PODCAST: DPIC Study Finds No Evidence that Death Penalty Deters Murder or Protects Police

A Death Penalty Information Center analy­sis of U.S. mur­der data from 1987 through 2015 has found no evi­dence that the death penal­ty deters mur­der or pro­tects police. Instead, the evi­dence shows that mur­der rates, includ­ing mur­ders of police offi­cers, are con­sis­tent­ly high­er in death-penal­ty states than in states that have abol­ished the death penal­ty. And far from expe­ri­enc­ing increas­es in mur­der rates or open sea­son on law enforce­ment, the data show that states that have abol­ished the death penal­ty since 2000 have the low­est rates of police offi­cers mur­dered in…

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Aug 01, 2017

NEW RESOURCES: Capital Punishment and the State of Criminal Justice 2017

The American Bar Association has released a new pub­li­ca­tion, The State of Criminal Justice 2017, an annu­al report exam­in­ing major issues, trends, and sig­nif­i­cant changes in America’s crim­i­nal jus­tice sys­tem. In a chap­ter devot­ed to cap­i­tal pun­ish­ment, Ronald J. Tabak, chair of the Death Penalty Committee of the ABA’s Section of Individual Rights and Responsibilities, describes sig­nif­i­cant death penal­ty cas­es and devel­op­ments over the past year. Tabak reports on his­toric declines in new death sen­tences and in exe­cu­tions in the U.S.: new death sen­tences were at their low­est lev­el since…

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Jul 17, 2017

Report Finds High Levels of Misconduct in Four Top Death Sentencing Counties

Four coun­ties that rank among the most aggres­sive users of cap­i­tal pun­ish­ment in the United States have pro­longed pat­terns of pros­e­cu­to­r­i­al mis­con­duct, accord­ing to a new report by the Harvard-based Fair Punishment Project. The report, The Recidivists: Four Prosecutors Who Repeatedly Violate the Constitution,” exam­ined state appel­late court deci­sions in California, Louisiana, Missouri, and Tennessee from 2010 – 2015, and found that pros­e­cu­tors in Orange County, CA; Orleans Parish, LA; St. Louis City, MO; and Shelby County, TN—all of which cur­rent­ly face alle­ga­tions of sig­nif­i­cant mis­con­duct — ranked among the most pro­lif­ic per­pe­tra­tors of…

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Jul 03, 2017

Equal Justice Initiative Report on Lynchings Outside the Deep South Suggests Links to Capital Punishment

Lynching has long been regard­ed as a region­al phe­nom­e­non, but in an updat­ed edi­tion of its land­mark 2015 report Lynching in America: Confronting the Legacy of Racial Terror,” the Equal Justice Initiative (EJI) has now doc­u­ment­ed more than 300 lynch­ings of African Americans in states out­side the Deep South. Racial ter­ror lynch­ing was a nation­al prob­lem,” said EJI Director Bryan Stevenson (pic­tured). More than six mil­lion African American migrants fled as refugees and exiles from ter­ror in the American South,” but the racial ter­ror often fol­lowed them. Hundreds of lynchings…

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May 10, 2017

New Statistical Brief from the Bureau of Justice Statistics Documents U.S. Death Penalty Decline

The nation’s death rows are shrink­ing more rapid­ly than new defen­dants are being sen­tenced to death, accord­ing to a new Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) sta­tis­ti­cal brief, Capital Punishment, 2014 – 2015.” The sta­tis­ti­cal brief, which ana­lyzes infor­ma­tion on those under sen­tence of death in the United States as of December 31, 2014 and December 31, 2015, doc­u­ments a con­tin­u­ing decline in exe­cu­tions, new death sen­tences, and death row pop­u­la­tions across the U.S. 2015 marked the fif­teenth con­sec­u­tive annu­al decrease in the num­ber of pris­on­ers under sen­tence of death in the U.S.…

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