Florida Death-Penalty Appeals Decided in Light of Hurst

Last updated:  September 21, 2017 

Total number of prisoners whose cases have been reviewed in light of Hurst:  128 

Number of prisoners who have obtained relief under Hurst:  107 (83.06%)

Number of prisoners who have been denied relief under Hurst:  21 (16.94%)

The Florida Supreme Court has declared that it will apply its decisions in Hurst v. State and Asay v. State—which held that non-unanimous jury recommendations of death violate the Florida state constitution and the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution—to new death penalty cases and to older cases in which the direct appeal process was final on or before the U.S. Supreme Court decided Ring v. Arizona in June 2002. 

Prisoner Name County of Conviction Conviction Final Before Ring? Jury Recommendation Unanimous? Jury Vote(s) Death Sentence Reversed? Date of Court Order
Abdool, Dane Orange N N 10-2 Y 4/6/17
Altersberger, Joshua Lee Highlands N N 9-3 Y 4/27/17
Anderson, Charles L. Broward N N 8-4 Y 3/9/17
Armstrong, Lancelot Uriley Broward N N 9-3 Y 1/19/17
Asay, Marc Duval Y N 9-3, 9-3 N 12/22/16
Ault, Howard Steven Broward N N 9-3, 10-2 Y 3/9/17
Bailey, Robert J. Bay N N 11-1 Y 7/6/17
Baker, Cornelius Flagler N N 9-3 Y 3/23/17
Banks, Donald Duval N N 10-2 Y 4/20/17
Bargo, Michael Shane Marion N N 10-2 Y 6/29/17
Barnhill, Arthur Seminole N N 9-3 Y 2/20/17
Bevel, Thomas Duval N N 8-4, 12-0 Y* 6/15/17
Braddy, Harrel Miami-Dade N N 11-1 Y 6/15/17
Bradley, Brandon Lee Brevard N N 10-2 Y 3/30/17
Brookins, Elijah Gadsden N N 10-2 Y 4/20/17
Brooks, Lamar Okaloosa N N 9-3, 11-1 Y 3/10/17
Buzia, John Seminole N N 8-4 Y 4/6/17
Calloway, Tavares David  Miami-Dade N N 7-5, 7-5, 7-5, 7-5, 7-5 Y 1/26/17
Card, James Bay N N 11-1 Y 5/4/17
Carr, Emilia Marion N N 7-5 Y 2/7/17
Caylor, Matthew Bay N N 8-4 Y 5/18/17
Cole, Tiffany Ann Duval N N 9-3, 9-3 Y 6/29/17
Cozzie, Steven Anthony Walton N Y 12-0 N 5/11/17
Darling, Dolan a/k/a Sean Smith Orange N N 11-1 Y 3/29/17
Davis, Adam W. Hillsborough N N 7-5 Y 5/2/17
Davis, Barry T. Walton N N 9-3, 10-2 Y 5/11/17
Davis, Jr., Leon   Polk N Y 12-0, 12-0, 8-4 N 11/10/16
Davis, Jr., Leon   Polk N WAIVED JURY   N 11/10/16
Davis, Toney D. Duval Y N 11-1 N 2/17/17
Dennis, Labrant Miami-Dade N N 11-1, 11-1 Y 7/7/17
Deparvine, Williams James  Hillsborough N N 8-4, 8-4 Y 4/6/17
Deviney, Randall Duval N N 8-4 Y 3/23/17
Doorbal, Noel Miami-Dade N N 8-4, 8-4 Y 9/20/17
Doty, Wayne Bradford N N 10-2 Y 8/7/17
Douglas, Luther Duval N N 11-1 Y 6/29/17
Dubose, Rasheem Duval N N 8-4 Y 2/9/17
Durousseau, Paul Duval N N 10-2 Y 1/31/17
Eaglin, Dwight Charlotte N N 8-4, 8-4 Y 4/3/17
England, Richard Volusia N N 8-4 Y 5/22/17
Evans, Paul H. Indian River N N 9-3 Y 3/20/17
Evans, Wydell Jody Brevard N N 10-2 Y  
Floyd, Maurice Lamar Putnam N N 11-1 Y 5/17/17
Frances, David Orange N N 9-3, 10-2 Y 3/29/17
Franklin, Richard P. Columbia  N N 9-3 Y 11/23/16
Glover, Dennis T. Duval N N 10-2 Y 9/14/17
Gonzalez, Leonard Escambia N N 10-2 Y 5/23/17
Gregory, William Volusia N N 7-5, 7-5 Y 8/31/17
Guardado, Jesse Walton N Y 12-0 N 5/11/17
Guzman, Victor Miami-Dade N N 7-5 Y 4/6/17
Hall, Donte Jermaine Lake N N 8-4 Y 6/15/17
Hall, Enoch D. Volusia N Y 12-0 N 2/9/17
Hampton, John Pinellas N N 9-3 Y 5/4/17
Hayward, Steven St. Lucie N N 8-4 Y 3/24/17
Hernandez, Michael Santa Rosa N N 11-1 Y 5/11/17
Hernandez-Alberto, Pedro Hillsborough N N 10-2, 10-2 Y 5/9/17
Hertz, Gerry Wakulla N N 10-2, 10-2 Y 5/18/17
Heyne, Justin Brevard N N 10-2, 8-4 Y 4/6/17
Hitchcock, James Orange Y N 10-2 N 8/10/17
Hodges, Willie James Escambia N N 10-2 Y 3/16/17
Hojan, Gerhard Broward N N 9-3, 9-3 Y 1/31/17
Huggins, John Orange N N 9-3 Y 5/23/17
Hunter, Jerone Volusia N N 10-2, 10-2, 9-3, 9-3 Y 6/16/17
Hurst, Timothy Escambia N N 7-5 Y 10/14/16
Jackson, Kenneth R. Hillsborough N N 11-1 Y 3/23/17
Jackson, Michael James Duval N N 8-4, 8-4 Y 6/9/17
Jackson, Ray Volusia N N 9-3 Y 4/24/17
Jeffries, Kevin G.   Bay N N 10-2 Y 7/13/17
Johnson, Paul Beasley Polk N N 11-1, 11-1, 11-1 Y 12/1/16
Johnson, Richard Allen St. Lucie N N 11-1 Y 3/24/17
Jones, Henry Lee Brevard N Y 12-0 N 3/2/17
Kaczmar, III, Leo L. Clay N Y 12-0 N 1/31/17
King, Cecil Duval N N 8-4 Y 7/12/17
King, Michael L. Sarasota N Y 12-0 N 1/26/17
Knight, Richard Broward N Y 12-0, 12-0 N 1/31/17
Kopsho, William M. Marion N N 10-2 Y 1/19/17
Lebron, Jermaine Osceola N N 7-5 Y 4/20/17
Martin, David Clay N N 9-3 Y 7/13/17
McGirth, Renaldo Devon Marion N N 11-1 Y 1/26/17
McKenzie, Norman Blake St. Johns N N 10-2, 10-2 Y 6/19/17
McLean, Derrick  Orange N N 9-3 Y 4/24/17
McMillian, Justin Duval N N 10-2 Y 4/13/17
Merck, Jr., Troy Pinellas Y N 9-3 Y 5/5/17
Middleton, Dale Okeechobee N Y 12-0 N 3/9/17
Miller, Lionel Michael  Orange N N 11-1 Y 5/8/17
Morris, Dontae Hillsborough N Y 12-0, 12-0 N 4/27/17
Mosley, John F. Duval N N 8-4 Y 12/22/16
Mullens, Khadafy Pinellas N WAIVED JURY   N 6/16/16
Murray, Gerald Delane Duval N N 11-1 Y 4/4/17
Nelson, Micah Polk N N 9-3 Y 3/8/17
Newberry, Rodney Duval N N 8-4 Y 4/6/17
Oats, Jr. Sonny Boy Marion Y UNKNOWN   N 5/25/17
Okafor, Bessman Orange N N 11-1 Y 6/8/17
Oliver, Terence Tabius Brevard N Y 12-0, 12-0 N 4/6/17
Orme, Roderick Bay N N 11-1 Y 3/30/17
Parker, J.B. Martin N N 11-1 Y 4/20/17
Partin, Phillup Alan   Pasco N N 9-3 Y 3/27/17
Pasha, Khalid Hillsborough N N 11-1, 11-1 Y 5/11/17
Peterson, Robert Earl Duval N N 7-5 Y 7/6/17
Pham, Tai Seminole N N 10-2 Y 3/22/17
Poole, Mark Polk N N 11-1 Y 3/31/17
Rigterink, Thomas William Polk N N 7-5, 7-5 Y 4/6/17
Rimmer, Robert Broward N N 9-3, 9-3 Y 6/29/17
Robards, Richard Pinellas N N 7-5, 7-5 Y 4/6/17
Rodgers, Theodore Orange N N 8-4 Y 4/3/17
Seibert, Michael Broward N N 9-3 Y 6/22/17
Serrano, Nelson Polk N N 9-3, 9-3, 9-3, 9-3 Y 5/11/17
Sexton, John Pasco N N 10-2 Y 6/29/17
Silvia, William Seminole N N 11-1 Y 2/20/17
Simmons, Eric Lee  Lake N N 8-4 Y 12/22/16
Smith, Corey Miami-Dade N N 9-3, 10-2 Y 3/16/17
Smith, Joseph Sarasota N N 10-2 Y 7/13/17
Snelgrove, David B. Flagler N N 8-4, 8-4 Y 5/11/17
Stewart, Kenneth Allen Hillsborough Y N 10-2 Y 4/25/17
Suggs, Ernest Walton Y N 7-5 N 3/17/17
Troy, John Sarasota N N 11-1 Y 6/13/17
Truehill, Quentin St. Johns N Y 12-0 N 2/23/17
Tundidor, Randy W. Broward N Y 12-0 N 4/27/17
Turner, James Daniel  St. Johns N N 10-2 Y 6/19/17
Victorino, Troy Volusia N N 10-2, 10-2, 9-3, 7-5 Y 6/14/17
Wade, Alan L. Duval N N 11-1, 11-1 Y 5/1/17
Wheeler, Jason Lake N N 10-2 Y 5/23/17
White, Dwayne Seminole N N 8-4 Y 3/30/17
White, William Melvin Orange N N 10-2 Y 4/20/17
Williams, Donald Otis Lake N N 9-3 Y 1/19/17
Williams , Ronnie Keith Broward N N 10-2 Y 6/29/17
Wood, Zachary Taylor  Washington N Y 12-0 Y** 1/31/17
Woodel, Thomas Polk N N 7-5 Y 8/18/17
Zack, Michael Duane Escambia Y N 11-1 N 6/15/17
Zakrzewski, Edward Okaloosa Y N 7-5, 7-5, 6-6 N 5/25/17
Zommer, Todd Osceola N N 10-2 Y 4/13/17

* The Florida Supreme Court granted relief under Hurst on Bevel's non-unanimous death sentence, but granted relief based on ineffective assistance of counsel on Bevel's unanimous death sentence. 

** The Florida Supreme Court noted that Wood's sentence would not have been harmless under Hurst because it struck two of the three aggravating circumstances found by the trial court; however, the court vacated the death sentence and imposed a life sentence under its statutory review for proportionality. 

For more background on the Florida legislative and court actions related to the jury unanimity issue, see Hurst v. Florida Background

To check on the status of cases involving Florida death-row prisoners with non-unanimous jury recommendations for death whose sentences became final after the U.S. Supreme Court's June 2002 decision in Ring v. Arizona, see this chart