Florida Death-Penalty Appeals Decided in Light of Hurst

Last updated: July 19, 2018

Total number of prisoners whose cases have been reviewed by Florida Supreme Court (or, if relief is granted, by a Circuit Court) in light of Hurst: 269

Number of prisoners who have obtained relief under Hurst:  130 (48.33%)

Number of prisoners who have been denied relief under Hurst:  139 (51.67%)

The Florida Supreme Court has declared that it will apply its decisions in Hurst v. State and Asay v. State—which held that non-unanimous jury recommendations of death violate the Florida state constitution and the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution—to new death penalty cases and to older cases in which the direct appeal process was final on or before the U.S. Supreme Court decided Ring v. Arizona in June 2002. 

Prisoner Name County of Conviction Conviction Final Before Ring? Jury Recommendation Unanimous? Jury Vote(s) Death Sentence Reversed? Date of Court Order
Abdool, Dane Orange N N 10-2 Y 4/6/17
Allred, Andrew Seminole N WAIVED JURY   N 11/16/17
Alston, Pressley Bernard Duval Y N 9-3 N 1/22/18
Altersberger, Joshua Lee Highlands N N 9-3 Y 4/27/17
Anderson, Charles L. Broward N N 8-4 Y 3/9/17
Anderson, Richard Hillsborough Y N 11-1 N 1/26/18
Archer, Robin Lee Escambia Y N 7-5 N 3/17/17
Armstrong, Lancelot Uriley Broward N N 9-3 Y 1/19/17
Asay, Marc Duval Y N 9-3, 9-3 N  (EXECUTED) 12/22/16
Atwater, Jeffrey Lee Pinellas Y N 11-1 N 1/23/18
Ault, Howard Steven Broward N N 9-3, 10-2 Y 3/9/17
Bailey, Robert J. Bay N N 11-1 Y 7/6/17
Baker, Cornelius Flagler N N 9-3 Y 3/23/17
Banks, Donald Duval N N 10-2 Y 4/20/17
Bargo, Michael Shane Marion N N 10-2 Y 6/29/17
Barnhill, Arthur Seminole N N 9-3 Y 2/20/17
Barwick, Darryl Brian Bay Y Y 12-0 N 2/28/18
Bates, Kayle Barrington Bay Y N 9-3 N 1/22/18
Beasley, Curtis W. Polk Y N 10-2 N 1/23/18
Belcher, James Duval N N 9-3 Y 11/2/17
Bell, Michael  Duval Y Y 12-0, 12-0 N 1/29/18
Bevel, Thomas Duval N N 8-4, 12-0 Y* 6/15/17
Blanco, Omar Broward Y N 10-2 N 7/19/18
Booker, Stephen Todd Duval Y N 8-4 N 1/30/18
Bowles, Gary Ray Duval Y Y 12-0 N 1/29/18
Braddy, Harrel Miami-Dade N N 11-1 Y 6/15/17
Bradley, Brandon Lee Brevard N N 10-2 Y 3/30/17
Bradley, Donald Clay Y N 10-2 N 1/22/18
Branch, Eric Scott Escambia Y N 10-2 N (EXECUTED) 1/22/18
Brookins, Elijah Gadsden N N 10-2 Y 4/20/17
Brooks, Lamar Okaloosa N N 9-3, 11-1 Y 3/10/17
Brown, Paul Alfred Hillsborough Y N 7-5 N 1/29/18
Brown, Paul Anthony Volusia Y Y 12-0 N 2/28/18
Burns, Daniel Jr. Manatee Y Y 12-0 N 1/23/18
Buzia, John Seminole N N 8-4 Y 4/6/17
Byrd, Milford Wade Hillsborough Y Unknown Unknown N 2/28/18
Calloway, Tavares David  Miami-Dade N N 7-5, 7-5, 7-5, 7-5, 7-5 Y 1/26/17
Campbell, John Citrus N N 8-4 Y 8/30/17
Card, James Bay N N 11-1 Y 5/4/17
Carr, Emilia Marion N N 7-5 Y 2/7/17
Carter, Pinkney Duval N N 9-3, 8-4 Y 10/4//17
Caylor, Matthew Bay N N 8-4 Y 5/18/17
Clark, Ronald Wayne Jr. Duval Y N 11-1 N 1/23/18
Cole, Loran Marion Y Y 12-0 N 1/23/18
Cole, Tiffany Ann Duval N N 9-3, 9-3 Y 6/29/17
Conde, Rory Miami-Dade N N 9-3 Y 8/31/17
Consalvo, Robert Broward Y N 11-1 N 1/31/18
Cox, Allen Lake N N 10-2 Y 7/23/17
Cozzie, Steven Anthony Walton N Y 12-0 N 5/11/17
Crain, Willie Seth Hillsborough N Y 12-0 N 4/5/18
Dailey, James Pinellas Y Y 12-0 N 6/26/18
Damren, Floyd William Clay Y Y 12-0 N 2/2/18
Darling, Dolan a/k/a Sean Smith Orange N N 11-1 Y 3/29/17
Davis, Adam W. Hillsborough N N 7-5 Y 5/2/17
Davis, Barry T. Walton N N 9-3, 10-2 Y 5/11/17
Davis, Jr., Leon   Polk N Y 12-0, 12-0, 8-4 N 11/10/16
Davis, Jr., Leon   Polk N WAIVED JURY   N 11/10/16
Davis, Mark Allen Pinellas Y N 8-4 N 1/29/18
Davis, Toney D. Duval Y N 11-1 N 2/17/17
Dennis, Labrant Miami-Dade N N 11-1, 11-1 Y 7/7/17
Deparvine, Williams James  Hillsborough N N 8-4, 8-4 Y 4/6/17
Derrick, Samuel Jason Pasco Y N 7-5 N 2/2/18
Dessaure, Kenneth  Pinellas N WAIVED JURY   N 11/16/17
Deviney, Randall Duval N N 8-4 Y 3/23/17
Diaz, Joel Lee N N 9-3 Y 6/15/17
Dillbeck, Donald David Leon Y N 8-4 N 1/24/18
Doorbal, Noel Miami-Dade N N 8-4, 8-4 Y 9/20/17
Doty, Wayne Bradford N N 10-2 Y 8/7/17
Douglas, Luther Duval N N 11-1 Y 6/29/17
Doyle, Daniel Broward Y N 8-4 N 6/28/18
Dubose, Rasheem Duval N N 8-4 Y 2/9/17
Durousseau, Paul Duval N N 10-2 Y 1/31/17
Eaglin, Dwight Charlotte N N 8-4, 8-4 Y 4/3/17
England, Richard Volusia N N 8-4 Y 5/22/17
Evans, Paul H. Indian River N N 9-3 Y 3/20/17
Evans, Steven Maurice Orange Y N 11-1 N 1/24/18
Evans, Wydell Jody Brevard N N 10-2 Y 3/24/17
Everett, Paul Glenn Bay N Y 12-0 N 5/24/18
Finney, Charles Hillsborough Y N 9-3 N 1/26/18
Floyd, Maurice Lamar Putnam N N 11-1 Y 5/17/17
Ford, James D. Charlotte Y N 11-1, 11-1 N 1/23/18
Foster, Charles Bay Y N 8-4 N 1/29/18
Foster, Kevin Don Lee Y N 9-3 N 1/29/18
Fotopoulos, Konstantinos Volusia Y N 8-4, 8-4 N 1/29/18
Frances, David Orange N N 9-3, 10-2 Y 3/29/17
Franklin, Richard P. Columbia  N N 9-3 Y 11/23/16
Gamble, Guy R. Lake Y N 10-2 N 1/29/18
Gaskin, Louis Flagler Y N 8-4, 8-4 N 2/28/18
Geralds, Mark Allen Bay Y Y 12-0 N 2/28/18
Glover, Dennis T. Duval N N 10-2 Y 9/14/17
Gonzalez, Leonard Escambia N N 10-2 Y 5/23/17
Gonzalez, Ricardo Miami-Dade Y N 8-4 N 3/23/18
Gordon, Robert R. Pinellas Y N 9-3 N 1/31/18
Gregory, William Volusia N N 7-5, 7-5 Y 8/31/17
Griffin, Michael Allen Miami-Dade Y N 10-2 N 2/2/18
Grim, Norman Santa Rosa N Y 12-0 N 3/29/18
Guardado, Jesse Walton N Y 12-0 N 5/11/17
Gudinas, Thomas Lee Collier Y N 10-2 N 1/30/18
Guzman, James Volusia N N 11-1 Y 2/22/18
Guzman, Victor Miami-Dade N N 7-5 Y 4/6/17
Hall, Donte Jermaine Lake N N 8-4 Y 6/15/17
Hall, Enoch D. Volusia N Y 12-0 N 2/9/17
Hamilton, Richard Hamilton Y N 10-2 N 2/18/18
Hampton, John Pinellas N N 9-3 Y 5/4/17
Hannon, Patrick Hillsborough Y Y 12-0 N  (EXECUTED) 11/1/17
Hartley, Kenneth Duval Y N 9-3 N 1/26/18
Hayward, Steven St. Lucie N N 8-4 Y 5/6/18
Heath, Ronald Palmer Alachua Y N 10-2 N 2/28/18
Hernandez, Michael Santa Rosa N N 11-1 Y 5/11/17
Hernandez-Alberto, Pedro Hillsborough N N 10-2, 10-2 Y 5/9/17
Hertz, Gerry Wakulla N N 10-2, 10-2 Y 5/18/17
Heyne, Justin Brevard N N 10-2, 8-4 Y 4/6/17
Hitchcock, James Orange Y N 10-2 N 8/10/17
Hobart, Robert Santa Rosa N N 7-5 Y 2/21/18
Hodges, George Michael  Hillsborough Y N 10-2 N 2/2/18
Hodges, Willie James Escambia N N 10-2 Y 3/16/17
Hojan, Gerhard Broward N N 9-3, 9-3 Y 1/31/17
Huggins, John Orange N N 9-3 Y 5/23/17
Hunter, Jerone Volusia N N 10-2, 10-2, 9-3, 9-3 Y 6/16/17
Hurst, Timothy Escambia N N 7-5 Y 10/14/16
Hutchinson, Jeffrey Okaloosa N WAIVED JURY WAIVED JURY N 3/15/18
Israel, Connie Ray Duval N N 7-5 Y 3/21/17
Jackson, Etheria Verdell Duval Y N 7-5 N 1/24/18
Jackson, Kenneth R. Hillsborough N N 11-1 Y 3/23/17
Jackson, Michael James Duval N N 8-4, 8-4 Y 6/9/17
Jackson, Ray Volusia N N 9-3 Y 4/24/17
Jeffries, Kevin G.   Bay N N 10-2 Y 7/13/17
Jeffries, Sonny Ray Orange Y N 11-1 N 1/26/18
Jennings, Brandy Bain Collier Y N 10-2, 10-2, 10-2 N 1/29/18
Jimenez, Jose Miami-Dade Y Y 12-0 N 6/28/18
Johnson, Emanuel Sarasota Y N 8-4, 10-2 N 2/2/18
Johnson, Paul Beasley Polk N N 11-1, 11-1, 11-1 Y 12/1/16
Johnson, Richard Allen St. Lucie N N 11-1 Y 3/24/17
Johnson, Ronnie Miami-Dade Y N 7-5, 9-3 N 3/27/18
Johnston, Ray Hillsborough N N 11-1 Y 7/21/17
Johnston, Ray Hillsborough N Y 12-0 N 7/21/17
Jones, Henry Lee Brevard N Y 12-0 N 3/2/17
Jones, Marvin Burnett Duval Y N 9-3 N 1/22/18
Jones, Victor Miami-Dade Y Y/N 10-2, 12-0 N 9/28/17
Jordan, Joseph Volusia N N 10-2 Y 8/22/17
Kaczmar, III, Leo L. Clay N Y 12-0 N 1/31/17
Kelley, William H.  Highlands Y N 8-3 [not a typo] N 1/26/18
King, Cecil Duval N N 8-4 Y 7/12/17
King, Michael L. Sarasota N Y 12-0 N 1/26/17
Kirkman, Vahtiece Brevard N Y 10-2 Y 1/11/18
Knight, Richard Broward N Y 12-0, 12-0 N 1/31/17
Kocaker, Genghis Pinellas N N 11-1 Y 10/6/17
Kokal, Gregory Alan Duval Y Y 12-0 N 1/24/18
Kopsho, William M. Marion N N 10-2 Y 1/19/17
Krawczuk, Anton Duval Y Y 12-0 N 1/31/18
Lamarca, Anthony Pinellas Y N 11-1 N 1/30/18
Lambrix, Cary Michael Glades Y N 8-4, 10-2 N  (EXECUTED) 9/29/17
Lawrence, Gary Santa Rosa Y N 9-3 N 2/2/18
Lebron, Jermaine Osceola N N 7-5 Y 4/20/17
Lebron, Joel Miami-Dade N N 9-3 Y 12/21/17
Lightbourne, Ian  Marion Y N Unrecorded  N 1/26/18
Long, Robert Joe Hillsborough Y Y 12-0 N 1/29/18
Lucas, Harold Gene Lee Y N 11-1 N 1/24/18
Mansfield, Scott Osceola Y Y 12-0 N 7/5/18
Marquard, John  St. Johns Y Y 12-0 N 1/24/18
Martin, David Clay N N 9-3 Y 7/13/17
Matthews, Douglas Volusia N N 10-2 Y 12/5/17
McCoy, Richard (aka Jamil Rashid) Duval N N 7-5 Y 9/6/17
McCoy, Thomas  Walton N N 11-1 Y 11/8/17
McGirth, Renaldo Devon Marion N N 11-1 Y 1/26/17
McKenzie, Norman Blake St. Johns N N 10-2, 10-2 Y 6/19/17
McLean, Derrick  Orange N N 9-3 Y 4/24/17
McMillian, Justin Duval N N 10-2 Y 4/13/17
Melton, Antonio Lebaron Escambia Y N 8-4 N 2/2/18
Mendoza, Marbel Miami-Dade Y N 7-5 N 1/30/18
Merck, Jr., Troy Pinellas N N 9-3 Y 5/5/17
Middleton, Dale Okeechobee N Y 12-0 N 3/9/17
Miller, David Jr. Duval Y N 7-5 N 1/31/18
Miller, Lionel Michael  Orange N N 11-1 Y 5/8/17
Morton, Alvin  Pasco Y N 11-1, 11-1 N 2/2/18
Morris, Dontae Hillsborough N Y 12-0, 12-0 N 4/27/17
Morris, Dontae Hillsborough N N 10-2 Y 1/11/18
Morris, Robert D. Polk Y N 8-4 N 1/26/18
Mosley, John F. Duval N N 8-4 Y 12/22/16
Mullens, Khadafy Pinellas N WAIVED JURY   N 6/16/16
Murray, Gerald Delane Duval N N 11-1 Y 4/4/17
Nelson, Joshua D. Lee Y Y 12-0 N 1/31/18
Nelson, Micah Polk N N 9-3 Y 3/8/17
Newberry, Rodney Duval N N 8-4 Y 4/6/17
Oats, Jr. Sonny Boy Marion Y UNKNOWN   N 5/25/17
Occhicone, Dominick A.  Pasco Y N 7-5 N 1/30/18
Okafor, Bessman Orange N N 11-1 Y 6/8/17
Oliver, Terence Tabius Brevard N Y 12-0, 12-0 N 4/6/17
Orme, Roderick Bay N N 11-1 Y 3/30/17
Overton, Thomas M. Monroe Y N 8-4, 9-3 N 2/2/18
Owen, Duane Eugene Palm Beach Y N 10-2, 10-2 N 6/26/18
Pace, Bruce Douglas Santa Rosa Y N 7-5 N 1/30/18
Pagan, Alex Broward N N 7-5, 7-5 Y 2/1/18
Parker, J.B. Martin N N 11-1 Y 4/20/17
Partin, Phillup Alan   Pasco N N 9-3 Y 3/27/17
Pasha, Khalid Hillsborough N N 11-1, 11-1 Y 5/11/17
Patrick, Eric Kurt Broward N N 7-5 Y 6/14/18
Peede, Robert Orange Y N 11-1 N 7/19/18
Peterka, Daniel Jon Okaloosa Y N 8-4 N 1/22/18
Peterson, Robert Earl Duval N N 7-5 Y 7/6/17
Pham, Tai Seminole N N 10-2 Y 3/22/17
Phillips, Galante  Duval N N 7-5 Y 4/20/17
Phillips, Harry Franklin Miami-Dade Y N 7-5 N 1/22/18
Philmore, Lenard James  Martin N Y 12-0 N 1/25/18
Pietri, Norberto Palm Beach Y N 8-4 N 2/2/18
Poole, Mark Polk N N 11-1 Y 3/31/17
Pope, Thomas Dewey Broward Y N 9-3 N 2/28/18
Puiatti, Carl Pasco Y N 11-1 N 1/23/18
Quince, Kenneth Darcell Volusia Y WAIVED JURY   N 1/18/18
Raleigh, Bobby Allen Volusia Y Y 12-0, 12-0 N 2/28/18
Reaves, William Indian River Y N 10-2 N 5/2/18
Reynolds, Michael Seminole N Y 12-0, 12-0 N 4/5/18
Rhodes, Richard Wallace Pinellas Y N 10-2 N 1/23/18
Rigterink, Thomas William Polk N N 7-5, 7-5 Y 4/6/17
Rimmer, Robert Broward N N 9-3, 9-3 Y 6/29/17
Robards, Richard Pinellas N N 7-5, 7-5 Y 4/6/17
Rodgers, Jeremiah Santa Rosa N WAIVED JURY   N 2/8/18
Rodgers, Theodore Orange N N 8-4 Y 4/3/17
Rogers, Glen Edward Hillsborough Y Y 12-0 N 1/30/18
Rodriguez, Manuel Antonio Miami-Dade Y Y 12-0, 12-0, 12-0 N 1/31/18
San Martin, Pablo Miami-Dade Y N 9-3 N 2/28/18
Schoenwetter, Randy Brevard N N 10-2, 9-3 Y 4/7/17
Seibert, Michael Broward N N 9-3 Y 6/22/17
Serrano, Nelson Polk N N 9-3, 9-3, 9-3, 9-3 Y 5/11/17
Sexton, John Pasco N N 10-2 Y 6/29/17
Silvia, William Seminole N N 11-1 Y 2/20/17
Simmons, Eric Lee  Lake N N 8-4 Y 12/22/16
Sireci, Henry Perry Orange Y N 11-1 N 1/31/18
Sliney, Jack R. Charlotte Y N 7-5 N 1/31/18
Smith, Corey Miami-Dade N N 9-3, 10-2 Y 3/16/17
Smith, Joseph Sarasota N N 10-2 Y 7/13/17
Smith, Stephen V. Charlotte N Y 9-3 Y 4/21/17
Smithers, Samuel Hillsborough N Y 12-0, 12-0 N 3/29/18
Snelgrove, David B. Flagler N N 8-4, 8-4 Y 5/11/17
Sochor, Dennis Broward Y N 10-2 N 1/30/18
Stein, Steven Edward Duval Y N 10-2 N 1/31/18
Stephens, Jason Demetrius Duval Y N 9-3 N 1/22/18
Stewart, Kenneth Allen Hillsborough Y N 10-2 Y 4/25/17
Stewart, Kenneth Allen Hillsborough Y N 10-2 N 1/26/18
Sweet, William Earl Duval Y N 10-2 N 1/24/18
Suggs, Ernest Walton Y N 7-5 N 3/17/17
Tanzi, Michael Monroe N Y 12-0 N 4/5/18
Taylor, John Calvin Clay N N 10-2 Y 10/12/17
Taylor, Perry Hillsborough Y N 8-4 N 5/3/18
Taylor, Steven Richard Duval Y N 10-2 N 1/24/18
Taylor, William Kenneth Hillsborough N Y 12-0 N 4/5/18
Thomas, William Gregory Duval Y N 11-1 N 1/24/18
Trease, Robert J.  Sarasota Y N 11-1 N 1/24/18
Trepal, George Polk Y N 9-3 N 1/26/18
Trotter, Melvin Manatee Y N 11-1 N 1/26/18
Troy, John Sarasota N N 11-1 Y 6/13/17
Truehill, Quentin St. Johns N Y 12-0 N 2/23/17
Tundidor, Randy W. Broward N Y 12-0 N 4/27/17
Turner, James Daniel  St. Johns N N 10-2 Y 6/19/17
Twilegar, Mark Lee Y WAIVED JURY   N 11/2/17
Victorino, Troy Volusia N N 10-2, 10-2, 9-3, 7-5 Y 6/14/17
Wade, Alan L. Duval N N 11-1, 11-1 Y 5/1/17
Walls, Frank Okaloosa Y Y 12-0 N 1/22/18
Wheeler, Jason Lake N N 10-2 Y 5/23/17
White, Dwayne Seminole N N 8-4 Y 3/30/17
Whitfield, Ernest Sarasota Y N 7-5 Y 1/30/18
White, William Melvin Orange N N 10-2 Y 4/20/17
Whitton, Gary Richard Walton Y Y 12-0 N 1/31/18
Willacy, Chadwick Brevard Y N 11-1 N 1/23/18
Williams, Donald Otis Lake N N 9-3 Y 1/19/17
Williams , Ronnie Keith Broward N N 10-2 Y 6/29/17
Windom, Curtis Orange Y Y 12-0, 12-0, 12-0 N 1/23/18
Wood, Zachary Taylor  Washington N Y 12-0 Y** 1/31/17
Woodel, Thomas Polk N N 7-5 Y 8/18/17
Zack, Michael Duane Escambia Y N 11-1 N 6/15/17
Zakrzewski, Edward Okaloosa Y N 7-5, 7-5, 6-6 N 5/25/17
Zommer, Todd Osceola N N 10-2 Y 4/13/17

* The Florida Supreme Court granted relief under Hurst on Bevel's non-unanimous death sentence, but granted relief based on ineffective assistance of counsel on Bevel's unanimous death sentence. 

** The Florida Supreme Court noted that Wood's sentence would not have been harmless under Hurst because it struck two of the three aggravating circumstances found by the trial court; however, the court vacated the death sentence and imposed a life sentence under its statutory review for proportionality. Not counted in total. 

For more background on the Florida legislative and court actions related to the jury unanimity issue, see Hurst v. Florida Background

To check on the status of cases involving Florida death-row prisoners with non-unanimous jury recommendations for death whose sentences became final after the U.S. Supreme Court's June 2002 decision in Ring v. Arizona, see this chart


Hannah Gorman, with the Florida Center for Capital Representation at Florida International University, created the pie chart below (November 16, 2017) based on her analysis of Florida death sentences that have been or will be overturned based on Hurst, as well as sentences that have been or will be affirmed because they either (A) became final before Ring (i.e., based on the date of their appeal) or (B) were presumed harmless based on a unanimous jury verdict or the defendant's waiver of a jury sentence.  This chart includes prisoners who have had their death sentences affirmed by Circuit Courts. According to this information, there are a total of 377 prisoners who were sentenced under the unconstitutional sentencing scheme, but only 42% (157) of Florida death-row prisoners who were sentenced under that scheme will be entitled to relief.