The following list includes known Florida death-sentenced prisoners who have non-unanimous jury recommendations and whose convictions became final post-Ring. The initial list was generated by Michael Radelet, Professor of Sociology at the University of Colorado-Boulder, and reported the status of the cases as of December 31, 2016. With the assistance of Hannah Gorman, research scholar and death-penalty law clinical instructor at the Florida Center for Capital Representation at Florida International University’s College of Law, DPIC has updated the list to include case developments of which we are aware, through September 25, 2019.

DPIC has determined at least 158 prisoners on Florida’s death-row meet these twin criteria, of whom at least 145 (or 92%) have already obtained Hurst relief — which means that they are entitled to resentencing — and two have been exonerated. At least 33 of the prisoners who were eligible for relief under Hurst have since been resentenced to life. According to the Florida Department of Corrections death-row roster, 340 prisoners remained on Florida’s death row as of September 25, 2019. That list, however, includes people who are no longer sentenced to death because their death sentences have been overturned as a result of Hurst and who have not yet been resentenced to either life or death.

Please let us know if you are aware of additional Florida cases that should be included on the list below, or if the status of those on the list should be updated to reflect a new sentencing disposition (i.e., resentenced to life or resentenced to death).

Prisoner NameCounty of ConvictionDeath Sentence Overturned?Resentencing Status

Abdool, Dane

Orange

Y

Aguirre-Jarquin, Clemente

Seminole

Y*

EXONERATED

Altersberger, Joshua Lee

Highlands

Y

Anderson, Charles L.

Broward

Y

Andres, Rafael

Miami-Dade

Y

Armstrong, Lancelot Uriley

Broward

Y

Ault, Howard Steven

Broward

Y

Bailey, Robert

Bay

Y

Baker, Cornelius

Flagler

Y

Banks, Donald

Duval

Y

Bargo, Michael

Marion

Y

Barnhill, Arthur

Seminole

Y

Resentenced to life

Belcher, James

Duval

Y

Bevel, Thomas

Duval

Y

Braddy, Harrel

Miami-Dade

Y

Bradley, Brandon Lee

Brevard

Y

Bright, Raymond

Duval

Y**

Resentenced to death (12/8/17)

Brookins, Elijah

Gadsden

Y

Brooks, Lamar

Okaloosa

Y

Brown, Thomas

Duval

Y

Butler, Harry LeePinellasYResentenced to life

Buzia, John

Seminole

Y

Resentenced to life

Calhoun, Johnny Mack Sketo

Holmes

Y

Calloway, Tavares David

Miami-Dade

Y

Campbell, John William

Citrus

Y

Cannon, Marvin

Gadsden

Caraballo, Victor

Miami-Dade

Y***

Resentenced to life

Card, James

Bay

Y

Carr, Emilia

Marion

Y

Resentenced to life

Carter, Pinkney

Duval

Y

Caylor, Matthew

Bay

Y

Cole, Tiffany

Duval

Y

Conde, Rory E.

Miami-Dade

Y

Cox, Allen Ward

Lake

Y

Darling, Dolan a/k/a Sean Smith

Orange

Y

Davis, Adam W.

Hillsborough

Y

Davis, Barry T.

Walton

Y

Davis, William Roger IIISeminole

Dennis, Labrant

Miami-Dade

Y

Deparvine, Williams James

Hillsborough

Y

Deviney, Randall

Duval

Y

Resentenced to death (12/11/17)

Diaz, Joel

Lee

Y

Resentenced to life

Doorbal, Noel

Miami-Dade

Y

Doty, Wayne

Bradford

Y

Douglas, Luther

Duval

Y

Dubose, Rasheem

Duval

Y

Durousseau, Paul

Duval

Y

Eaglin, Dwight T.

Charlotte

Y

Ellerbee, Terry Marvin

Okeechobee

Y

Resentenced to life

England, Richard

Volusia

Y

Evans, Paul H.

Indian River

Y

Evans, Wydell Jody

Brevard

Y

Resentenced to life; subsequently
died in custody

Fletcher, Timothy W.

Putnam

Y

Floyd, Maurice Lamar

Putnam

Y

Resentenced to life

Frances, David

Orange

Y

Francis, Carlton

Palm Beach

Franklin, Richard P.

Columbia

Y

Glover, Dennis

Duval

Y

Gonzalez, Leonard

Escambia

Y

Gosciminski, Andrew

St. Lucie

Gregory, William

Volusia

Y

Resentenced to life

Guzman, James

Volusia

Y

Guzman, Victor

Miami-Dade

Y

Resentenced to life

Hall, Donte

Lake

Y

Hampton, John

Pinellas

Y

Resentenced to life

Hayward, Steven

St. Lucie

Y

Resentenced to life

Herard, James

Broward

Hernandez, Michael

Santa Rosa

Y

Resentenced to life

Hernandez-Alberto, Pedro

Hillsborough

Y

Resentenced to life

Hertz, Guerry

Wakulla

Y

Heyne, Justin

Brevard

Y

Hobart, Robert

Santa Rosa

Y

Resentenced to life

Hodges, Willie James

Escambia

Y

Hojan, Gerhard

Broward

Y

Resentenced to death (12/18/18)

Hoskins, JohnnyBrevardY

Huggins, John

Orange

Y

Hunter, Jerone

Volusia

Y

Hurst, Timothy

Escambia

Y

Israel, Connie

Putnam

Y

Resentenced to life

Jackson, Kenneth R.

Hillsborough

Y

Resentenced to life

Jackson, Kim

Duval

Y

Jackson, Michael James

Duval

Y

Jackson, Ray

Volusia

Y

Resentenced to life

Jeffries, Kevin

Bay

Y

Resentenced to life

Johnson, Paul Beasley

Polk

Y

Johnson, Richard Allen

St. Lucie

Y

Johnston, Ray

Hillsborough

Y

Jordan, Joseph

Volusia

Y

King, Cecil

Duval

Y

Kirkman, Vahtiece Alfonso

Brevard

Y

Kocaker, Genghis

Pinellas

Y

Kopsho, William M.

Marion

Y

Lawrence, Jonathan

Santa Rosa

Y

Resentenced to death (9/11/18)

Lebron, Jermaine

Osceola

Y

Resentenced to life

Lebron, Joel

Miami-Dade

Y

Looney, Jason

Wakulla

Y

Lugo, Daniel

Miami-Dade

Martin, David James

Clay

Y

Martin, Arthur

Duval

Y

Matthews, Douglas Blaine

Volusia

Y

McCoy, Richard (aka Jamil Rashid)

Duval

Y

Resentenced to life

McCoy, Thomas

Walton

Y

McGirth, Renaldo Devon

Marion

Y

McKenzie, Norman

St. Johns

Y

McLean, Derrick

Orange

Y

McMillian, Justin

Duval

Y

Merck, Jr., Troy

Pinellas

Y

Miller, Lionel Michael

Orange

Y

Resentenced to life

Morris, Dontae

Hillsborough

Y

Mosley, John F.

Duval

Y

Murray, Gerald

Duval

Y

Nelson, Micah

Polk

Y

Newberry, Rodney

Duval

Y

Okafor, Bessman

Orange

Y

Orme, Roderick

Bay

Y

Pagan, Alex

Broward

Y

Parker, J.B.

Martin

Y

Partin, Phillup Alan

Pasco

Y

Pasha, Khalid

Hillsborough

Y

Resentenced to life

Patrick, Eric

Broward

Y

Peterson, Robert

Duval

Y

Peterson, Charles

Pinellas

Y

Resentenced to life

Pham, Tai

Seminole

Y

Phillips, Galante

Duval

Y

Poole, Mark

Polk

Y

Rigterink, Thomas William

Polk

Y

Rimmer, Robert

Broward

Y

Robards, Richard

Pinellas

Y

Resentenced to life

Rodgers, Theodore

Orange

Y

Resentenced to life

Schoenwetter, Randy

Brevard

Y

Seibert, Michael

Miami-Dade

Y

Serrano, Nelson

Polk

Y

Sexton, John

Pasco

Y

Sheppard, Billy

Duval

Silvia, William

Seminole

Florida Supreme Court reversed grant of relief

Simmons, Eric Lee

Lake

Y

Resentenced to life

Simpson, Jason

Duval

Smith, Joseph

Sarasota

Y

Smith, Stephen

Charlotte

Y

Smith, Terry

Duval

Smith, Corey

Miami-Dade

Y

Snelgrove, David B.

Flagler

Y

Stewart, Kenneth Allen

Hillsborough

Y

Resentenced to life

Taylor, John Calvin

Clay

Y

Tisdale, Eriese

St. Lucie

Y

Troy, John

Sarasota

Y

Resentenced to life

Turner, James Daniel

St. Johns

Y

Resentenced to life

Victorino, Troy

Volusia

Y

Wade, Alan L.

Duval

Y

Wheeler, Jason

Lake

Y

White, Dwayne

Seminole

Y

Resentenced to life

White, William Melvin

Orange

Y

Resentenced to life

Wilcox, Darious

Broward

Williams, Donald Otis

Lake

Y

Williams, Ronnie

Broward

Y

Woodel, Thomas

Polk

Y

Wright, Ralph

Pinellas

Y****

EXONERATED

Zommer, Todd

Osceola

Y

* Aguirre’s conviction was vacated based on newly discovered evidence, not based on issues related to Hurst.

** Bright’s death sentence was overturned prior to the Hurst decision for ineffectiveness of penalty-phase counsel.

*** Caraballo’s death sentence was overturned on issues unrelated to the Hurst decision.

**** The Florida Supreme Court found the evidence insufficient to convict Wright. Because it acquitted him of murder, the court did not need to address the Hurst violation in his case.


For more background on the Florida legislative and court actions related to the jury unanimity issue, see Hurst v. Florida Background.

To track developments in Florida death-row appeals that have been decided in light of the state and federal Hurst decisions, see this chart.