Executions Overview

States With No Recent Executions

Updated January 15, 2020

Although the United States is considered a death penalty country, executions are rare or non-existent in most of the nation: the majority of states—33 out of 50—have either abolished the death penalty or have not carried out an execution in at least 10 years. An additional 6 states have not had an execution in at least 5 years, for a total of 39 states with no death penalty or no executions in that time. Three additional jurisdictions (the District of Columbia, the Federal Government, and the Military) have not had an execution in at least 10 years.

The tables below list the jurisdictions with no executions in many years. The number in parentheses indicates total executions since 1976.



33 states, plus 3 jurisdictions (District of Columbia, Federal Government, and Military), with no death penalty or no executions in at least 10 years

Jurisdictions With No Death PenaltyLast Execution

1. Alaska

Before 1976

2. Connecticut (1)

May 13, 2005

3. Delaware (16)

April 20, 2012

4. Hawaii

Before 1976

5. Illinois (12)

March 17, 1999

6. Iowa

Before 1976

7. Maine

Before 1976

8. Maryland (5)

December 5, 2005

9. Massachusetts

Before 1976

10. Michigan

Before 1976

11. Minnesota

Before 1976

12. New HampshireBefore 1976

13. New Jersey

Before 1976

14. New Mexico (1)

November 6, 2001

15. New York

Before 1976

16. North Dakota

Before 1976

17. Rhode Island

Before 1976

18. Vermont

Before 1976

19. Washington (5)

Sept. 10, 2010

20. West Virginia

Before 1976

21. Wisconsin

Before 1976

22. District of Columbia

Before 1976

Jurisdictions With the Death PenaltyLast Execution

23. California (13)

January 17, 2006

24. Colorado (1)

October 13, 1997

25. Indiana (20)December 11, 2009

26. Kansas (0)

Before 1976

27. Kentucky (3)

November 21, 2008

28. Louisiana (28)January 7, 2010

29. Montana (3)

August 11, 2006

30. Nevada (12)

April 26, 2006

31. North Carolina (43)

August 18, 2006

32. Oregon (2)

May 16, 1997

33. Pennsylvania (3)

July 6, 1999

34. Wyoming (1)

January 22, 1992

35. U.S. Federal Government (3)

March 18, 2003

36. U.S. Military (0)

Before 1976

39 states, plus 3 jurisdictions, with no death penalty or no executions in at least 5 years

Jurisdictions With No Death PenaltyLast Execution

1. Alaska

Before 1976

2. Connecticut (1)

May 13, 2005

3. Delaware (16)

April 20, 2012

4. Hawaii

Before 1976

5. Illinois (12)

March 17, 1999

6. Iowa

Before 1976

7. Maine

Before 1976

8. Maryland (5)

December 5, 2005

9. Massachusetts

Before 1976

10. Michigan

Before 1976

11. Minnesota

Before 1976

12. New HampshireBefore 1976

13. New Jersey

Before 1976

14. New Mexico (1)

November 6, 2001

15. New York

Before 1976

16. North Dakota

Before 1976

17. Rhode Island

Before 1976

18. Vermont

Before 1976

19. Washington (5)

Sept. 10, 2010

20. West Virginia

Before 1976

21. Wisconsin

Before 1976

22. District of Columbia

Before 1976

Jurisdictions With the Death PenaltyLast Execution
23. Arizona (37)July 23, 2014

24. California (13)

January 17, 2006

25. Colorado (1)

October 13, 1997

26. Idaho (3)

June 12, 2012

27. Indiana (20)

December 11, 2009

28. Kansas (0)

Before 1976

29. Kentucky (3)

November 21, 2008

30. Louisiana (28)

Jan. 7, 2010

31. Montana (3)

August 11, 2006

32. Mississippi (21)

June 20, 2012

33. Nevada (12)

April 26, 2006

34. North Carolina (43)

August 18, 2006

35. Oklahoma (112)January 15, 2015

36. Oregon (2)

May 16, 1997

37. Pennsylvania (3)

July 6, 1999

38. South Carolina (43)

May 6, 2011

39. Utah (7)

June 18, 2010

40. Wyoming (1)

January 22, 1992

40. U.S. Federal Government (3)

March 18, 2003

41. U.S. Military (0)

Before 1976