Executions Overview

States With No Recent Executions

Updated July 8, 2019

Although the United States is considered a death penalty country, executions are rare or non-existent in most of the nation: the majority of states—31 out of 50—have either abolished the death penalty or have not carried out an execution in at least 10 years. An additional 6 states have not had an execution in at least 5 years, for a total of 37 states with no executions in that time. Three additional jurisdictions (the District of Columbia, the Federal Government, and the Military) have not had an execution in at least 10 years.

The tables below list the jurisdictions with no executions in many years. The number in parentheses indicates total executions since 1976.

31 states, plus 3 jurisdictions (District of Columbia, Federal Government, and Military), with no death penalty or no executions in at least 10 years

Jurisdictions With No Death PenaltyLast Execution

1. Alaska

Before 1976

2. Connecticut (1)

May 13, 2005

3. Delaware (16)

April 20, 2012

4. Hawaii

Before 1976

5. Illinois (12)

March 17, 1999

6. Iowa

Before 1976

7. Maine

Before 1976

8. Maryland (5)

December 5, 2005

9. Massachusetts

Before 1976

10. Michigan

Before 1976

11. Minnesota

Before 1976

12. New HampshireBefore 1976

13. New Jersey

Before 1976

14. New Mexico (1)

November 6, 2001

15. New York

Before 1976

16. North Dakota

Before 1976

17. Rhode Island

Before 1976

18. Vermont

Before 1976

19. Washington (5)

Sept. 10, 2010

20. West Virginia

Before 1976

21. Wisconsin

Before 1976

22. District of Columbia

Before 1976

Jurisdictions With the Death PenaltyLast Execution

23. California (13)

January 17, 2006

24. Colorado (1)

October 13, 1997

25. Kansas (0)

Before 1976

26. Kentucky (3)

November 21, 2008

27. Montana (3)

August 11, 2006

28. Nevada (12)

April 26, 2006

29. North Carolina (43)

August 18, 2006

30. Oregon (2)

May 16, 1997

31. Pennsylvania (3)

July 6, 1999

32. Wyoming (1)

January 22, 1992

33. U.S. Federal Government (3)

March 18, 2003

34. U.S. Military (0)

Before 1976

37 states, plus 3 jurisdictions, with no death penalty or no executions in at least 5 years

Jurisdictions With No Death PenaltyLast Execution

1. Alaska

Before 1976

2. Connecticut (1)

May 13, 2005

3. Delaware (16)

April 20, 2012

4. Hawaii

Before 1976

5. Illinois (12)

March 17, 1999

6. Iowa

Before 1976

7. Maine

Before 1976

8. Maryland (5)

December 5, 2005

9. Massachusetts

Before 1976

10. Michigan

Before 1976

11. Minnesota

Before 1976

12. New HampshireBefore 1976

13. New Jersey

Before 1976

14. New Mexico (1)

November 6, 2001

15. New York

Before 1976

16. North Dakota

Before 1976

17. Rhode Island

Before 1976

18. Vermont

Before 1976

19. Washington (5)

Sept. 10, 2010

20. West Virginia

Before 1976

21. Wisconsin

Before 1976

22. District of Columbia

Before 1976

Jurisdictions With the Death PenaltyLast Execution

23. California (13)

January 17, 2006

24. Colorado (1)

October 13, 1997

25. Idaho (3)

June 12, 2012

26. Indiana (20)

December 11, 2009

27. Kansas (0)

Before 1976

28. Kentucky (3)

November 21, 2008

29. Louisiana (28)

Jan. 7, 2010

30. Montana (3)

August 11, 2006

31. Mississippi (21)

June 20, 2012

32. Nevada (12)

April 26, 2006

33. North Carolina (43)

August 18, 2006

34. Oregon (2)

May 16, 1997

35. Pennsylvania (3)

July 6, 1999

36. South Carolina (43)

May 6, 2011

37. Utah (7)

June 18, 2010

38. Wyoming (1)

January 22, 1992

39. U.S. Federal Government (3)

March 18, 2003

40. U.S. Military (0)

Before 1976