# Florida Death-Penalty Appeals Decided in Light of Hurst

**Last updated: November 16, 2017 **

**Total number of prisoners whose cases have been reviewed by Florida Supreme Court (or, if relief is granted, by a Circuit Court) in light of Hurst: 140 **

**Number of prisoners who have obtained relief under Hurst: 113 (80.71%)**

**Number of prisoners who have been denied relief under Hurst: **

**27 (19.29%)**

The Florida Supreme Court has declared that it will apply its decisions in *Hurst v. State* and *Asay v. State*—which held that non-unanimous jury recommendations of death violate the Florida state constitution and the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution—to new death penalty cases and to older cases in which the direct appeal process was final on or before the U.S. Supreme Court decided *Ring v. Arizona* in June 2002.

Prisoner Name | County of Conviction | Conviction Final Before Ring? | Jury Recommendation Unanimous? | Jury Vote(s) | Death Sentence Reversed? | Date of Court Order |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Abdool, Dane | Orange | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Allred, Andrew | Seminole | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/16/17 | |

Altersberger, Joshua Lee | Highlands | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 4/27/17 |

Anderson, Charles L. | Broward | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/9/17 |

Armstrong, Lancelot Uriley | Broward | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 1/19/17 |

Asay, Marc | Duval | Y | N | 9-3, 9-3 | N (EXECUTED) |
12/22/16 |

Ault, Howard Steven | Broward | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 3/9/17 |

Bailey, Robert J. | Bay | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 7/6/17 |

Baker, Cornelius | Flagler | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/23/17 |

Banks, Donald | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Bargo, Michael Shane | Marion | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Barnhill, Arthur | Seminole | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 2/20/17 |

Belcher, James | Duval | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 11/2/17 |

Bevel, Thomas | Duval | N | N | 8-4, 12-0 | Y* | 6/15/17 |

Braddy, Harrel | Miami-Dade | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/15/17 |

Bradley, Brandon Lee | Brevard | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 3/30/17 |

Brookins, Elijah | Gadsden | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Brooks, Lamar | Okaloosa | N | N | 9-3, 11-1 | Y | 3/10/17 |

Buzia, John | Seminole | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Calloway, Tavares David | Miami-Dade | N | N | 7-5, 7-5, 7-5, 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 1/26/17 |

Campbell, John | Citrus | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 8/30/17 |

Card, James | Bay | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/4/17 |

Carr, Emilia | Marion | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 2/7/17 |

Carter, Pinkney | Duval | N | N | 9-3, 8-4 | Y | 10/4//17 |

Caylor, Matthew | Bay | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 5/18/17 |

Cole, Tiffany Ann | Duval | N | N | 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Cozzie, Steven Anthony | Walton | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 5/11/17 |

Darling, Dolan a/k/a Sean Smith | Orange | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/29/17 |

Davis, Adam W. | Hillsborough | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 5/2/17 |

Davis, Barry T. | Walton | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Davis, Jr., Leon | Polk | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0, 8-4 | N | 11/10/16 |

Davis, Jr., Leon | Polk | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/10/16 | |

Davis, Toney D. | Duval | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 2/17/17 |

Dennis, Labrant | Miami-Dade | N | N | 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 7/7/17 |

Deparvine, Williams James | Hillsborough | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Dessaure, Kenneth | Pinellas | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/16/17 | |

Deviney, Randall | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/23/17 |

Diaz, Joel | Lee | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 6/15/17 |

Doorbal, Noel | Miami-Dade | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 9/20/17 |

Doty, Wayne | Bradford | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 8/7/17 |

Douglas, Luther | Duval | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Dubose, Rasheem | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 2/9/17 |

Durousseau, Paul | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 1/31/17 |

Eaglin, Dwight | Charlotte | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 4/3/17 |

England, Richard | Volusia | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 5/22/17 |

Evans, Paul H. | Indian River | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/20/17 |

Evans, Wydell Jody | Brevard | N | N | 10-2 | Y | |

Floyd, Maurice Lamar | Putnam | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/17/17 |

Frances, David | Orange | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 3/29/17 |

Franklin, Richard P. | Columbia | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 11/23/16 |

Glover, Dennis T. | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 9/14/17 |

Gonzalez, Leonard | Escambia | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 5/23/17 |

Gregory, William | Volusia | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 8/31/17 |

Guardado, Jesse | Walton | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 5/11/17 |

Guzman, Victor | Miami-Dade | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Hall, Donte Jermaine | Lake | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 6/15/17 |

Hall, Enoch D. | Volusia | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/9/17 |

Hampton, John | Pinellas | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 5/4/17 |

Hannon, Patrick | Hillsborough | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 11/1/17 |

Hayward, Steven | St. Lucie | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/24/17 |

Hernandez, Michael | Santa Rosa | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Hernandez-Alberto, Pedro | Hillsborough | N | N | 10-2, 10-2 | Y | 5/9/17 |

Hertz, Gerry | Wakulla | N | N | 10-2, 10-2 | Y | 5/18/17 |

Heyne, Justin | Brevard | N | N | 10-2, 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Hitchcock, James | Orange | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 8/10/17 |

Hodges, Willie James | Escambia | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 3/16/17 |

Hojan, Gerhard | Broward | N | N | 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 1/31/17 |

Huggins, John | Orange | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 5/23/17 |

Hunter, Jerone | Volusia | N | N | 10-2, 10-2, 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 6/16/17 |

Hurst, Timothy | Escambia | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 10/14/16 |

Jackson, Kenneth R. | Hillsborough | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/23/17 |

Jackson, Michael James | Duval | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 6/9/17 |

Jackson, Ray | Volusia | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 4/24/17 |

Jeffries, Kevin G. | Bay | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 7/13/17 |

Johnson, Paul Beasley | Polk | N | N | 11-1, 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 12/1/16 |

Johnson, Richard Allen | St. Lucie | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/24/17 |

Johnston, Ray | Hillsborough | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 7/21/17 |

Johnston, Ray | Hillsborough | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 7/21/17 |

Jones, Henry Lee | Brevard | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 3/2/17 |

Jones, Victor | Miami-Dade | Y | Y/N | 10-2, 12-0 | N | 9/28/17 |

Kaczmar, III, Leo L. | Clay | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/31/17 |

King, Cecil | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 7/12/17 |

King, Michael L. | Sarasota | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/26/17 |

Knight, Richard | Broward | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 1/31/17 |

Kopsho, William M. | Marion | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 1/19/17 |

Lambrix, Cary Michael | Glades | Y | N | 8-4, 10-2 | N (EXECUTED) |
9/29/17 |

Lebron, Jermaine | Osceola | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Martin, David | Clay | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 7/13/17 |

McGirth, Renaldo Devon | Marion | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 1/26/17 |

McKenzie, Norman Blake | St. Johns | N | N | 10-2, 10-2 | Y | 6/19/17 |

McLean, Derrick | Orange | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 4/24/17 |

McMillian, Justin | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/13/17 |

Merck, Jr., Troy | Pinellas | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 5/5/17 |

Middleton, Dale | Okeechobee | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 3/9/17 |

Miller, Lionel Michael | Orange | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/8/17 |

Morris, Dontae | Hillsborough | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 4/27/17 |

Mosley, John F. | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 12/22/16 |

Mullens, Khadafy | Pinellas | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 6/16/16 | |

Murray, Gerald Delane | Duval | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 4/4/17 |

Nelson, Micah | Polk | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/8/17 |

Newberry, Rodney | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Oats, Jr. Sonny Boy | Marion | Y | UNKNOWN | N | 5/25/17 | |

Okafor, Bessman | Orange | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/8/17 |

Oliver, Terence Tabius | Brevard | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 4/6/17 |

Orme, Roderick | Bay | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/30/17 |

Parker, J.B. | Martin | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Partin, Phillup Alan | Pasco | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/27/17 |

Pasha, Khalid | Hillsborough | N | N | 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Peterson, Robert Earl | Duval | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 7/6/17 |

Pham, Tai | Seminole | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 3/22/17 |

Poole, Mark | Polk | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/31/17 |

Rigterink, Thomas William | Polk | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Rimmer, Robert | Broward | N | N | 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Robards, Richard | Pinellas | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Rodgers, Theodore | Orange | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 4/3/17 |

Seibert, Michael | Broward | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 6/22/17 |

Serrano, Nelson | Polk | N | N | 9-3, 9-3, 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Sexton, John | Pasco | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Silvia, William | Seminole | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 2/20/17 |

Simmons, Eric Lee | Lake | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 12/22/16 |

Smith, Corey | Miami-Dade | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 3/16/17 |

Smith, Joseph | Sarasota | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 7/13/17 |

Smith, Stephen V. | Charlotte | N | Y | 9-3 | Y | 4/21/17 |

Snelgrove, David B. | Flagler | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Stewart, Kenneth Allen | Hillsborough | Y | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/25/17 |

Suggs, Ernest | Walton | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 3/17/17 |

Taylor, John Calvin | Clay | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 10/12/17 |

Troy, John | Sarasota | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/13/17 |

Truehill, Quentin | St. Johns | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/23/17 |

Tundidor, Randy W. | Broward | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 4/27/17 |

Turner, James Daniel | St. Johns | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/19/17 |

Twilegar, Mark | Lee | Y | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/2/17 | |

Victorino, Troy | Volusia | N | N | 10-2, 10-2, 9-3, 7-5 | Y | 6/14/17 |

Wade, Alan L. | Duval | N | N | 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 5/1/17 |

Wheeler, Jason | Lake | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 5/23/17 |

White, Dwayne | Seminole | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/30/17 |

White, William Melvin | Orange | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Williams, Donald Otis | Lake | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 1/19/17 |

Williams , Ronnie Keith | Broward | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Wood, Zachary Taylor | Washington | N | Y | 12-0 | Y** | 1/31/17 |

Woodel, Thomas | Polk | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 8/18/17 |

Zack, Michael Duane | Escambia | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 6/15/17 |

Zakrzewski, Edward | Okaloosa | Y | N | 7-5, 7-5, 6-6 | N | 5/25/17 |

Zommer, Todd | Osceola | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/13/17 |

* The Florida Supreme Court granted relief under *Hurst* on Bevel's non-unanimous death sentence, but granted relief based on ineffective assistance of counsel on Bevel's unanimous death sentence.

** The Florida Supreme Court noted that Wood's sentence would not have been harmless under *Hurst *because it struck two of the three aggravating circumstances found by the trial court; however, the court vacated the death sentence and imposed a life sentence under its statutory review for proportionality. Not counted in total.

For more background on the Florida legislative and court actions related to the jury unanimity issue, see **Hurst v. Florida**** Background**.

To check on the status of cases involving Florida death-row prisoners with non-unanimous jury recommendations for death whose sentences became final after the U.S. Supreme Court's June 2002 decision in *Ring v. Arizona*, see **this chart**.

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