# Florida Death-Penalty Appeals Decided in Light of Hurst

**Last updated: February 23, 2018**

**Total number of prisoners whose cases have been reviewed by Florida Supreme Court (or, if relief is granted, by a Circuit Court) in light of Hurst: 237**

**Number of prisoners who have obtained relief under Hurst: 126 (53.16%)**

**Number of prisoners who have been denied relief under Hurst: **

**111 (46.84%)**

The Florida Supreme Court has declared that it will apply its decisions in *Hurst v. State* and *Asay v. State*—which held that non-unanimous jury recommendations of death violate the Florida state constitution and the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution—to new death penalty cases and to older cases in which the direct appeal process was final on or before the U.S. Supreme Court decided *Ring v. Arizona* in June 2002.

Prisoner Name | County of Conviction | Conviction Final Before Ring? | Jury Recommendation Unanimous? | Jury Vote(s) | Death Sentence Reversed? | Date of Court Order |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Abdool, Dane | Orange | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Allred, Andrew | Seminole | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/16/17 | |

Alston, Pressley Bernard | Duval | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/22/18 |

Altersberger, Joshua Lee | Highlands | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 4/27/17 |

Anderson, Charles L. | Broward | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/9/17 |

Anderson, Richard | Hillsborough | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/26/18 |

Archer, Robin Lee | Escambia | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 3/17/17 |

Armstrong, Lancelot Uriley | Broward | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 1/19/17 |

Asay, Marc | Duval | Y | N | 9-3, 9-3 | N (EXECUTED) |
12/22/16 |

Atwater, Jeffrey Lee | Pinellas | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/23/18 |

Ault, Howard Steven | Broward | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 3/9/17 |

Bailey, Robert J. | Bay | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 7/6/17 |

Baker, Cornelius | Flagler | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/23/17 |

Banks, Donald | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Bargo, Michael Shane | Marion | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Barnhill, Arthur | Seminole | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 2/20/17 |

Bates, Kayle Barrington | Bay | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/22/18 |

Beasley, Curtis W. | Polk | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/23/18 |

Belcher, James | Duval | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 11/2/17 |

Bell, Michael | Duval | Y | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 1/29/18 |

Bevel, Thomas | Duval | N | N | 8-4, 12-0 | Y* | 6/15/17 |

Booker, Stephen Todd | Duval | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/30/18 |

Bowles, Gary Ray | Duval | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/29/18 |

Braddy, Harrel | Miami-Dade | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/15/17 |

Bradley, Brandon Lee | Brevard | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 3/30/17 |

Bradley, Donald | Clay | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/22/18 |

Branch, Eric Scott | Escambia | Y | N | 10-2 | N (EXECUTED) |
1/22/18 |

Brookins, Elijah | Gadsden | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Brooks, Lamar | Okaloosa | N | N | 9-3, 11-1 | Y | 3/10/17 |

Brown, Paul Alfred | Hillsborough | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/29/18 |

Burns, Daniel Jr. | Manatee | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/23/18 |

Buzia, John | Seminole | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Calloway, Tavares David | Miami-Dade | N | N | 7-5, 7-5, 7-5, 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 1/26/17 |

Campbell, John | Citrus | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 8/30/17 |

Card, James | Bay | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/4/17 |

Carr, Emilia | Marion | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 2/7/17 |

Carter, Pinkney | Duval | N | N | 9-3, 8-4 | Y | 10/4//17 |

Caylor, Matthew | Bay | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 5/18/17 |

Clark, Ronald Wayne Jr. | Duval | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/23/18 |

Cole, Loran | Marion | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/23/18 |

Cole, Tiffany Ann | Duval | N | N | 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Conde, Rory | Miami-Dade | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 8/31/17 |

Consalvo, Robert | Broward | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/31/18 |

Cox, Allen | Lake | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 7/23/17 |

Cozzie, Steven Anthony | Walton | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 5/11/17 |

Damren, Floyd William | Clay | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/2/18 |

Darling, Dolan a/k/a Sean Smith | Orange | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/29/17 |

Davis, Adam W. | Hillsborough | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 5/2/17 |

Davis, Barry T. | Walton | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Davis, Jr., Leon | Polk | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0, 8-4 | N | 11/10/16 |

Davis, Jr., Leon | Polk | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/10/16 | |

Davis, Mark Allen | Pinellas | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/29/18 |

Davis, Toney D. | Duval | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 2/17/17 |

Dennis, Labrant | Miami-Dade | N | N | 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 7/7/17 |

Deparvine, Williams James | Hillsborough | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Derrick, Samuel Jason | Pasco | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 2/2/18 |

Dessaure, Kenneth | Pinellas | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/16/17 | |

Deviney, Randall | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/23/17 |

Diaz, Joel | Lee | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 6/15/17 |

Dillbeck, Donald David | Leon | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/24/18 |

Doorbal, Noel | Miami-Dade | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 9/20/17 |

Doty, Wayne | Bradford | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 8/7/17 |

Douglas, Luther | Duval | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Dubose, Rasheem | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 2/9/17 |

Durousseau, Paul | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 1/31/17 |

Eaglin, Dwight | Charlotte | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 4/3/17 |

England, Richard | Volusia | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 5/22/17 |

Evans, Paul H. | Indian River | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/20/17 |

Evans, Steven Maurice | Orange | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/24/18 |

Evans, Wydell Jody | Brevard | N | N | 10-2 | Y | |

Finney, Charles | Hillsborough | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/26/18 |

Floyd, Maurice Lamar | Putnam | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/17/17 |

Ford, James D. | Charlotte | Y | N | 11-1, 11-1 | N | 1/23/18 |

Foster, Charles | Bay | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/29/18 |

Foster, Kevin Don | Lee | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/29/18 |

Fotopoulos, Konstantinos | Volusia | Y | N | 8-4, 8-4 | N | 1/29/18 |

Frances, David | Orange | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 3/29/17 |

Franklin, Richard P. | Columbia | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 11/23/16 |

Gamble, Guy R. | Lake | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/29/18 |

Glover, Dennis T. | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 9/14/17 |

Gonzalez, Leonard | Escambia | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 5/23/17 |

Gordon, Robert R. | Pinellas | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/31/18 |

Gregory, William | Volusia | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 8/31/17 |

Griffin, Michael Allen | Miami-Dade | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 2/2/18 |

Guardado, Jesse | Walton | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 5/11/17 |

Gudinas, Thomas Lee | Collier | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/30/18 |

Guzman, James | Volusia | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 2/22/18 |

Guzman, Victor | Miami-Dade | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Hall, Donte Jermaine | Lake | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 6/15/17 |

Hall, Enoch D. | Volusia | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/9/17 |

Hamilton, Richard | Hamilton | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 2/18/18 |

Hampton, John | Pinellas | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 5/4/17 |

Hannon, Patrick | Hillsborough | Y | Y | 12-0 | N (EXECUTED) |
11/1/17 |

Hartley, Kenneth | Duval | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/26/18 |

Hayward, Steven | St. Lucie | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/24/17 |

Hernandez, Michael | Santa Rosa | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Hernandez-Alberto, Pedro | Hillsborough | N | N | 10-2, 10-2 | Y | 5/9/17 |

Hertz, Gerry | Wakulla | N | N | 10-2, 10-2 | Y | 5/18/17 |

Heyne, Justin | Brevard | N | N | 10-2, 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Hitchcock, James | Orange | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 8/10/17 |

Hodges, George Michael | Hillsborough | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 2/2/18 |

Hodges, Willie James | Escambia | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 3/16/17 |

Hojan, Gerhard | Broward | N | N | 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 1/31/17 |

Huggins, John | Orange | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 5/23/17 |

Hunter, Jerone | Volusia | N | N | 10-2, 10-2, 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 6/16/17 |

Hurst, Timothy | Escambia | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 10/14/16 |

Israel, Connie Ray | Duval | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 3/21/17 |

Jackson, Etheria Verdell | Duval | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/24/18 |

Jackson, Kenneth R. | Hillsborough | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/23/17 |

Jackson, Michael James | Duval | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 6/9/17 |

Jackson, Ray | Volusia | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 4/24/17 |

Jeffries, Kevin G. | Bay | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 7/13/17 |

Jeffries, Sonny Ray | Orange | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/26/18 |

Jennings, Brandy Bain | Collier | Y | N | 10-2, 10-2, 10-2 | N | 1/29/18 |

Johnson, Emanuel | Sarasota | Y | N | 8-4, 10-2 | N | 2/2/18 |

Johnson, Paul Beasley | Polk | N | N | 11-1, 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 12/1/16 |

Johnson, Richard Allen | St. Lucie | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/24/17 |

Johnston, Ray | Hillsborough | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 7/21/17 |

Johnston, Ray | Hillsborough | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 7/21/17 |

Jones, Henry Lee | Brevard | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 3/2/17 |

Jones, Marvin Burnett | Duval | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/22/18 |

Jones, Victor | Miami-Dade | Y | Y/N | 10-2, 12-0 | N | 9/28/17 |

Jordan, Joseph | Volusia | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 8/22/17 |

Kaczmar, III, Leo L. | Clay | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/31/17 |

Kelley, William H. | Highlands | Y | N | 8-3 [not a typo] | N | 1/26/18 |

King, Cecil | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 7/12/17 |

King, Michael L. | Sarasota | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/26/17 |

Kirkman, Vahtiece | Brevard | N | Y | 10-2 | Y | 1/11/18 |

Knight, Richard | Broward | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 1/31/17 |

Kocaker, Genghis | Pinellas | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 10/6/17 |

Kokal, Gregory Alan | Duval | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/24/18 |

Kopsho, William M. | Marion | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 1/19/17 |

Krawczuk, Anton | Duval | Y | Y | 12-0 | 1/31/18 | |

Lamarca, Anthony | Pinellas | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/30/18 |

Lambrix, Cary Michael | Glades | Y | N | 8-4, 10-2 | N (EXECUTED) |
9/29/17 |

Lawrence, Gary | Santa Rosa | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 2/2/18 |

Lebron, Jermaine | Osceola | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Lightbourne, Ian | Marion | Y | N | Unrecorded | N | 1/26/18 |

Long, Robert Joe | Hillsborough | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/29/18 |

Lucas, Harold Gene | Lee | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/24/18 |

Marquard, John | St. Johns | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/24/18 |

Martin, David | Clay | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 7/13/17 |

Matthews, Douglas | Volusia | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 12/5/17 |

McCoy, Richard (aka Jamil Rashid) | Duval | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 9/6/17 |

McGirth, Renaldo Devon | Marion | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 1/26/17 |

McKenzie, Norman Blake | St. Johns | N | N | 10-2, 10-2 | Y | 6/19/17 |

McLean, Derrick | Orange | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 4/24/17 |

McMillian, Justin | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/13/17 |

Melton, Antonio Lebaron | Escambia | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 2/2/18 |

Mendoza, Marbel | Miami-Dade | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/30/18 |

Merck, Jr., Troy | Pinellas | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 5/5/17 |

Middleton, Dale | Okeechobee | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 3/9/17 |

Miller, David Jr. | Duval | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/31/18 |

Miller, Lionel Michael | Orange | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/8/17 |

Morton, Alvin | Pasco | Y | N | 11-1, 11-1 | N | 2/2/18 |

Morris, Dontae | Hillsborough | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 4/27/17 |

Morris, Dontae | Hillsborough | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 1/11/18 |

Morris, Robert D. | Polk | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/26/18 |

Mosley, John F. | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 12/22/16 |

Mullens, Khadafy | Pinellas | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 6/16/16 | |

Murray, Gerald Delane | Duval | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 4/4/17 |

Nelson, Joshua D. | Lee | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/31/18 |

Nelson, Micah | Polk | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/8/17 |

Newberry, Rodney | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Oats, Jr. Sonny Boy | Marion | Y | UNKNOWN | N | 5/25/17 | |

Occhicone, Dominick A. | Pasco | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/30/18 |

Okafor, Bessman | Orange | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/8/17 |

Oliver, Terence Tabius | Brevard | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 4/6/17 |

Orme, Roderick | Bay | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/30/17 |

Overton, Thomas M. | Monroe | Y | N | 8-4, 9-3 | N | 2/2/18 |

Pace, Bruce Douglas | Santa Rosa | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/30/18 |

Pagan, Alex | Broward | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 2/1/18 |

Parker, J.B. | Martin | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Partin, Phillup Alan | Pasco | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/27/17 |

Pasha, Khalid | Hillsborough | N | N | 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Peterka, Daniel Jon | Okaloosa | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/22/18 |

Peterson, Robert Earl | Duval | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 7/6/17 |

Pham, Tai | Seminole | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 3/22/17 |

Phillips, Galante | Duval | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Phillips, Harry Franklin | Miami-Dade | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/22/18 |

Philmore, Lenard James | Martin | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/25/18 |

Pietri, Norberto | Palm Beach | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 2/2/18 |

Poole, Mark | Polk | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/31/17 |

Puiatti, Carl | Pasco | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/23/18 |

Quince, Kenneth Darcell | Volusia | Y | WAIVED JURY | N | 1/18/18 | |

Rhodes, Richard Wallace | Pinellas | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/23/18 |

Rigterink, Thomas William | Polk | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Rimmer, Robert | Broward | N | N | 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Robards, Richard | Pinellas | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Rodgers, Jeremiah | Santa Rosa | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 2/8/18 | |

Rodgers, Theodore | Orange | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 4/3/17 |

Rogers, Glen Edward | Hillsborough | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/30/18 |

Rodriguez, Manuel Antonio | Miami-Dade | Y | Y | 12-0, 12-0, 12-0 | 1/31/18 | |

Schoenwetter, Randy | Brevard | N | N | 10-2, 9-3 | Y | 4/7/17 |

Seibert, Michael | Broward | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 6/22/17 |

Serrano, Nelson | Polk | N | N | 9-3, 9-3, 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Sexton, John | Pasco | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Silvia, William | Seminole | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 2/20/17 |

Simmons, Eric Lee | Lake | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 12/22/16 |

Sireci, Henry Perry | Orange | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/31/18 |

Sliney, Jack R. | Charlotte | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/31/18 |

Smith, Corey | Miami-Dade | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 3/16/17 |

Smith, Joseph | Sarasota | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 7/13/17 |

Smith, Stephen V. | Charlotte | N | Y | 9-3 | Y | 4/21/17 |

Snelgrove, David B. | Flagler | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Sochor, Dennis | Broward | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/30/18 |

Stein, Steven Edward | Duval | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/31/18 |

Stephens, Jason Demetrius | Duval | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/22/18 |

Stewart, Kenneth Allen | Hillsborough | Y | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/25/17 |

Stewart, Kenneth Allen | Hillsborough | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/26/18 |

Sweet, William Earl | Duval | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/24/18 |

Suggs, Ernest | Walton | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 3/17/17 |

Taylor, John Calvin | Clay | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 10/12/17 |

Taylor, Steven Richard | Duval | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/24/18 |

Thomas, William Gregory | Duval | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/24/18 |

Trease, Robert J. | Sarasota | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/24/18 |

Trepal, George | Polk | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/26/18 |

Trotter, Melvin | Manatee | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/26/18 |

Troy, John | Sarasota | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/13/17 |

Truehill, Quentin | St. Johns | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/23/17 |

Tundidor, Randy W. | Broward | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 4/27/17 |

Turner, James Daniel | St. Johns | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/19/17 |

Twilegar, Mark | Lee | Y | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/2/17 | |

Victorino, Troy | Volusia | N | N | 10-2, 10-2, 9-3, 7-5 | Y | 6/14/17 |

Wade, Alan L. | Duval | N | N | 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 5/1/17 |

Walls, Frank | Okaloosa | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/22/18 |

Wheeler, Jason | Lake | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 5/23/17 |

White, Dwayne | Seminole | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/30/17 |

Whitfield, Ernest | Sarasota | Y | N | 7-5 | Y | 1/30/18 |

White, William Melvin | Orange | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Whitton, Gary Richard | Walton | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/31/18 |

Willacy, Chadwick | Brevard | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/23/18 |

Williams, Donald Otis | Lake | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 1/19/17 |

Williams , Ronnie Keith | Broward | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Windom, Curtis | Orange | Y | Y | 12-0, 12-0, 12-0 | N | 1/23/18 |

Wood, Zachary Taylor | Washington | N | Y | 12-0 | Y** | 1/31/17 |

Woodel, Thomas | Polk | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 8/18/17 |

Zack, Michael Duane | Escambia | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 6/15/17 |

Zakrzewski, Edward | Okaloosa | Y | N | 7-5, 7-5, 6-6 | N | 5/25/17 |

Zommer, Todd | Osceola | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/13/17 |

* The Florida Supreme Court granted relief under *Hurst* on Bevel's non-unanimous death sentence, but granted relief based on ineffective assistance of counsel on Bevel's unanimous death sentence.

** The Florida Supreme Court noted that Wood's sentence would not have been harmless under *Hurst *because it struck two of the three aggravating circumstances found by the trial court; however, the court vacated the death sentence and imposed a life sentence under its statutory review for proportionality. Not counted in total.

For more background on the Florida legislative and court actions related to the jury unanimity issue, see **Hurst v. Florida**** Background**.

To check on the status of cases involving Florida death-row prisoners with non-unanimous jury recommendations for death whose sentences became final after the U.S. Supreme Court's June 2002 decision in *Ring v. Arizona*, see **this chart**.

**Hannah Gorman, with the Florida Center for Capital Representation at Florida International University, created the pie chart below (November 16, 2017) based on her analysis of Florida death sentences that have been or will be overturned based on Hurst, as well as sentences that have been or will be affirmed because they either (A) became final before Ring (i.e., based on the date of their appeal) or (B) were presumed harmless based on a unanimous jury verdict or the defendant's waiver of a jury sentence. This chart includes prisoners who have had their death sentences affirmed by Circuit Courts. According to this information, there are a total of 377 prisoners who were sentenced under the unconstitutional sentencing scheme, but only 42% (157) of Florida death-row prisoners who were sentenced under that scheme will be entitled to relief. **

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