Last updated: January 23, 2020

The Florida Supreme Court has declared that it will apply its decisions in *Hurst v. State* and *Asay v. State*—which held that non-unanimous jury recommendations of death violate the Florida state constitution and the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution—to new death penalty cases and to older cases in which the direct appeal process was final on or after the U.S. Supreme Court decided *Ring v. Arizona* in June 2002.**Total number of prisoners whose cases have been reviewed by the Florida Supreme Court (or who have been granted relief by a Circuit Court) in light of Hurst: 313**

**Number of prisoners who have obtained relief under Hurst: 147 (47%)**

**Number of prisoners who have been denied relief under Hurst: 169 (54%)°**

°Because some defendants obtained *Hurst* relief on one sentence while being denied relief on another, the total of the two categories exceeds 100%.

Prisoner Name | County of Conviction | Conviction Final Before Ring? | Jury Recommendation Unanimous? | Jury Votes(s) | Death Sentence Reversed? | Date of Court Order |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Abdool, Dane | Orange | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Allen, Margaret | Brevard | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 12/20/18 |

Allred, Andrew | Seminole | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/16/17 | |

Alston, Pressley Bernard | Duval | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/22/18 |

Altersberger, Joshua Lee | Highlands | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 4/27/17 |

Anderson, Charles L. | Broward | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/9/17 |

Anderson, Fred, Jr. | Lake | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 10/4/18 |

Anderson, Richard | Hillsborough | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/26/18 |

Andres, Rafael | Miami-Dade | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 9/20/18 |

Archer, Robin Lee | Escambia | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 3/17/17 |

Armstrong, Lancelot Uriley | Broward | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 1/19/17 |

Asay, Marc | Duval | Y | N | 9-3, 9-3 | N ( | 12/22/16 |

Atwater, Jeffrey Lee | Pinellas | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/23/18 |

Ault, Howard Steven | Broward | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 3/9/17 |

Bailey, Robert J. | Bay | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 7/6/17 |

Baker, Cornelius | Flagler | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/23/17 |

Banks, Donald | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Bargo, Michael Shane | Marion | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Barnhill, Arthur | Seminole | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 2/20/17 |

Barwick, Darryl Brian | Bay | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/28/18 |

Bates, Kayle Barrington | Bay | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/22/18 |

Beasley, Curtis W. | Polk | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/23/18 |

Belcher, James | Duval | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 11/2/17 |

Bell, Michael | Duval | Y | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 1/29/18 |

Bevel, Thomas | Duval | N | N | 8-4, 12-0 | Y* | 6/15/17 |

Blanco, Omar | Broward | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 7/19/18 |

Bogle, Brett | Hillsborough | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 12/19/19 |

Booker, Stephen Todd | Duval | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/30/18 |

Bowles, Gary Ray | Duval | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/29/18 |

Braddy, Harrel | Miami-Dade | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/15/17 |

Bradley, Brandon Lee | Brevard | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 3/30/17 |

Bradley, Donald | Clay | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/22/18 |

Branch, Eric Scott | Escambia | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/22/18 |

Brant, Charles Grover | Hillsborough | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 6/30/16 | |

Brookins, Elijah | Gadsden | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Brooks, Lamar | Okaloosa | N | N | 9-3, 11-1 | Y | 3/10/17 |

Brown, Paul Alfred | Hillsborough | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/29/18 |

Brown, Paul Anthony | Volusia | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/28/18 |

Brown, Thomas Theo | Duval | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 9/13/18 |

Burns, Daniel Jr. | Manatee | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/23/18 |

Butler, Harry Lee | Pinellas | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/8/17 |

Buzia, John | Seminole | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Byrd, Milford Wade | Hillsborough | Y | Unknown | Unknown | N | 2/28/18 |

Calhoun, Johnny Mack Sketo | Holmes | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 6/5/17 |

Calloway, Tavares David | Miami-Dade | N | N | 7-5, 7-5, 7-5, 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 1/26/17 |

Campbell, John | Citrus | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 8/30/17 |

Card, James | Bay | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/4/17 |

Carr, Emilia | Marion | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 2/7/17 |

Carter, Pinkney | Duval | N | N | 9-3, 8-4 | Y | 10/4//17 |

Caylor, Matthew | Bay | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 5/18/17 |

Cherry, Roger Lee | Volusia | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 3/17/17 |

Clark, Ronald Wayne Jr. | Duval | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/23/18 |

Cole, Loran | Marion | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/23/18 |

Cole, Tiffany Ann | Duval | N | N | 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Conahan, Daniel O., Jr. | Charlotte | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 10/19/18 |

Conde, Rory | Miami-Dade | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 8/31/17 |

Consalvo, Robert | Broward | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/31/18 |

Covington, Edward Allen | Hillsborough | N | WAIVED JURY | 8/31/17 | ||

Cox, Allen | Lake | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 7/23/17 |

Cozzie, Steven Anthony | Walton | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 5/11/17 |

Crain, Willie Seth | Hillsborough | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 4/5/18 |

Dailey, James | Pinellas | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 6/26/18 |

Damren, Floyd William | Clay | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/2/18 |

Darling, Dolan a/k/a Sean Smith | Orange | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/29/17 |

Davis, Adam W. | Hillsborough | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 5/2/17 |

Davis, Barry T. | Walton | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Davis, Jr., Leon | Polk | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 11/10/16 |

Davis, Jr., Leon | Polk | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/10/16 | |

Davis, Mark Allen | Pinellas | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/29/18 |

Davis, Toney D. | Duval | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 2/17/17 |

Davis, William Roger III | Seminole | N | N | 7-5 | N** | 10/25/18 |

Dennis, Labrant | Miami-Dade | N | N | 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 7/7/17 |

Deparvine, Williams James | Hillsborough | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Derrick, Samuel Jason | Pasco | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 2/2/18 |

Dessaure, Kenneth | Pinellas | N | WAIVED JURY | N
| 11/16/17 | |

Deviney, Randall | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/23/17 |

Diaz, Joel | Lee | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 6/15/17 |

Dillbeck, Donald David | Leon | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/24/18 |

Doorbal, Noel | Miami-Dade | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 9/20/17 |

Doty, Wayne | Bradford | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 8/7/17 |

Douglas, Luther | Duval | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Doyle, Daniel | Broward | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 6/28/18 |

Dubose, Rasheem | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 2/9/17 |

Duckett, James Aren | Lake | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 12/28/18 |

Durousseau, Paul | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 1/31/17 |

Eaglin, Dwight | Charlotte | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 4/3/17 |

Ellerbee, Terry | Okeechobee | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 12/21/17 |

England, Richard | Volusia | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 5/22/17 |

Evans, Paul H. | Indian River | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/20/17 |

Evans, Steven Maurice | Orange | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/24/18 |

Evans, Wydell Jody | Brevard | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 3/24/17 |

Everett, Paul Glenn | Bay | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 5/24/18 |

Finney, Charles | Hillsborough | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/26/18 |

Fletcher, Timothy W. | Putnam | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 8/23/17 |

Floyd, Maurice Lamar | Putnam | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/17/17 |

Ford, James D. | Charlotte | Y | N | 11-1, 11-1 | N | 1/23/18 |

Foster, Charles | Bay | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/29/18 |

Foster, Jermaine | Orange | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 12/28/18 |

Foster, Kevin Don | Lee | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/29/18 |

Fotopoulos, Konstantinos | Volusia | Y | N | 8-4, 8-4 | N | 1/29/18 |

Frances, David | Orange | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 3/29/17 |

Franklin, Quawn M. | Lake | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/15/18 |

Franklin, Richard P. | Columbia | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 11/23/16 |

Gamble, Guy R. | Lake | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/29/18 |

Gaskin, Louis | Flagler | Y | N | 8-4, 8-4 | N | 2/28/18 |

Geralds, Mark Allen | Bay | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/28/18 |

Glover, Dennis T. | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 9/14/17 |

Gonzalez, Leonard | Escambia | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 5/23/17 |

Gonzalez, Ricardo | Miami-Dade | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 3/23/18 |

Gordon, Robert R. | Pinellas | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/31/18 |

Gregory, William | Volusia | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 8/31/17 |

Griffin, Michael Allen | Miami-Dade | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 2/2/18 |

Grim, Norman | Santa Rosa | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 3/29/18 |

Guardado, Jesse | Walton | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 5/11/17 |

Gudinas, Thomas Lee | Collier | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/30/18 |

Guzman, James | Volusia | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 2/22/18 |

Guzman, Victor | Miami-Dade | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Hall, Donte Jermaine | Lake | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 6/15/17 |

Hall, Enoch D. | Volusia | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/9/17 |

Hamilton, Richard | Hamilton | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 2/18/18 |

Hampton, John | Pinellas | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 5/4/17 |

Hannon, Patrick | Hillsborough | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 11/1/17 |

Hartley, Kenneth | Duval | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/26/18 |

Harvey, Harold Lee | Okeechobee | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 11/15/18 |

Hayward, Steven | St. Lucie | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 5/6/18 |

Heath, Ronald Palmer | Alachua | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 2/28/18 |

Hernandez, Michael | Santa Rosa | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Hernandez-Alberto, Pedro | Hillsborough | N | N | 10-2, 10-2 | Y | 5/9/17 |

Hertz, Guerry | Wakulla | N | N | 10-2, 10-2 | Y | 5/18/17 |

Heyne, Justin | Brevard | N | N | 10-2, 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Hitchcock, James | Orange | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 8/10/17 |

Hobart, Robert | Santa Rosa | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 2/21/18 |

Hodges, George Michael | Hillsborough | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 2/2/18 |

Hodges, Willie James | Escambia | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 3/16/17 |

Hojan, Gerhard | Broward | N | N | 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 1/31/17 |

Hoskins, Johnny | Brevard | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/9/17 |

Huggins, John | Orange | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 5/23/17 |

Hunter, Jerone | Volusia | N | N | 10-2, 10-2, 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 6/16/17 |

Hurst, Timothy | Escambia | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 10/14/16 |

Hutchinson, Jeffrey | Okaloosa | N | WAIVED JURY | WAIVED JURY | N | 3/15/18 |

Israel, Connie Ray | Duval | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 3/21/17 |

Jackson, Etheria Verdell | Duval | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/24/18 |

Jackson, Kenneth R. | Hillsborough | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/23/17 |

Jackson, Kim | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 1/25/18 |

Jackson, Michael James | Duval | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 6/9/17 |

Jackson, Ray | Volusia | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 4/24/17 |

Jean-Philippe, Lesly | Duval | N | Y | 12-0 | Y | |

Jeffries, Kevin G. | Bay | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 7/13/17 |

Jeffries, Sonny Ray | Orange | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/26/18 |

Jennings, Brandy Bain | Collier | Y | N | 10-2, 10-2, 10-2 | N | 1/29/18 |

Jennings, Bryan Frederick | Brevard | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 10/4/18 |

Jimenez, Jose | Miami-Dade | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 6/28/18 |

Johnson, Emanuel | Sarasota | Y | N | 8-4, 10-2 | N | 2/2/18 |

Johnson, Paul Beasley | Polk | N | N | 11-1, 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 12/1/16 |

Johnson, Richard Allen | St. Lucie | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/24/17 |

Johnson, Ronnie | Miami-Dade | Y | N | 7-5, 9-3 | N | 3/27/18 |

Johnston, Ray | Hillsborough | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 7/21/17 |

Johnston, Ray | Hillsborough | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 7/21/17 |

Jones, Harry | Leon | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 10/15/18 |

Jones, Henry Lee | Brevard | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 3/2/17 |

Jones, Marvin Burnett | Duval | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/22/18 |

Jones, Randall Scott | Putnam | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 12/13/18 |

Jones, Victor | Miami-Dade | Y | Y/N | 10-2, 12-0 | N | 9/28/17 |

Jordan, Joseph | Volusia | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 8/22/17 |

Kaczmar, III, Leo L. | Clay | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/31/17 |

Kearse, Billy Leon | St. Lucie | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 8/30/18 |

Kelley, William H. | Highlands | Y | N | 8-3 [not a typo] | N | 1/26/18 |

King, Cecil | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 12/20/18 |

King, Michael L. | Sarasota | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/26/17 |

Kirkman, Vahtiece | Brevard | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 1/11/18 |

Knight, Richard | Broward | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 1/31/17 |

Kocaker, Genghis | Pinellas | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 10/6/17 |

Kokal, Gregory Alan | Duval | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/24/18 |

Kopsho, William M. | Marion | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 1/19/17 |

Krawczuk, Anton | Duval | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/31/18 |

Lamarca, Anthony | Pinellas | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/30/18 |

Lambrix, Cary Michael | Glades | Y | N | 8-4, 10-2 | N | 9/29/17 |

Lawrence, Gary | Santa Rosa | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 2/2/18 |

Lawrence, Jonathan | Santa Rosa | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/17/17 |

Lebron, Jermaine | Osceola | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Lebron, Joel | Miami-Dade | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 12/21/17 |

Lightbourne, Ian | Marion | Y | N | Unrecorded | N | 1/26/18 |

Long, Robert Joe | Hillsborough | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/29/18 |

Looney, Jason Brice | Wakulla | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 10/11/17 |

Lowe, Rodney Tyrone | Indian River | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 10/19/18 |

Lucas, Harold Gene | Lee | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/24/18 |

Lukehart, Andrew Richard | Duval | N | N | 9-3 | N | 3/17/17 |

Lynch, Richard E. | Seminole | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 9/20/18 | |

Mansfield, Scott | Osceola | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 7/5/18 |

Marquard, John | St. Johns | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/24/18 |

Marshall, Matthew | Martin | Y | JUDICIAL OVERRIDE OF JURY’S LIFE VERDICT | N | 5/4/17 | |

Martin, Arthur James | Duval | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 1/8/18 |

Martin, David | Clay | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 7/13/17 |

Matthews, Douglas | Volusia | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 12/5/17 |

McCoy, Richard (aka Jamil Rashid) | Duval | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 9/6/17 |

McCoy, Thomas | Walton | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 11/8/17 |

McGirth, Renaldo Devon | Marion | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 1/26/17 |

McKenzie, Norman Blake | St. Johns | N | N | 10-2, 10-2 | Y | 6/19/17 |

McLean, Derrick | Orange | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 4/24/17 |

McMillian, Justin | Duval | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/13/17 |

Melton, Antonio Lebaron | Escambia | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 2/2/18 |

Mendoza, Marbel | Miami-Dade | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/30/18 |

Merck, Jr., Troy | Pinellas | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 5/5/17 |

Middleton, Dale | Okeechobee | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 3/9/17 |

Miller, David Jr. | Duval | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/31/18 |

Miller, Lionel Michael | Orange | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 5/8/17 |

Morris, Dontae | Hillsborough | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 4/27/17 |

Morris, Dontae | Hillsborough | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 1/11/18 |

Morris, Robert D. | Polk | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/26/18 |

Morton, Alvin | Pasco | Y | N | 11-1, 11-1 | N | 2/2/18 |

Mosley, John F. | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 12/22/16 |

Mullens, Khadafy | Pinellas | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 6/16/16 | |

Mungin, Anthony | Duval | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 11/15/18 |

Murray, Gerald Delane | Duval | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 4/4/17 |

Nelson, Joshua D. | Lee | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/31/18 |

Nelson, Micah | Polk | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/8/17 |

Newberry, Rodney | Duval | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Oats, Jr. Sonny Boy | Marion | Y | UNKNOWN | N | 5/25/17 | |

Occhicone, Dominick A. | Pasco | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/30/18 |

Okafor, Bessman | Orange | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/8/17 |

Oliver, Terence Tabius | Brevard | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 4/6/17 |

Orme, Roderick | Bay | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 3/30/17 |

Overton, Thomas M. | Monroe | Y | N | 8-4, 9-3 | N | 2/2/18 |

Owen, Duane Eugene | Palm Beach | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 6/26/18 |

Pace, Bruce Douglas | Santa Rosa | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/30/18 |

Pagan, Alex | Broward | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 2/1/18 |

Parker, J.B. | Martin | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Partin, Phillup Alan | Pasco | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 3/27/17 |

Pasha, Khalid | Hillsborough | N | N | 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Patrick, Eric Kurt | Broward | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 6/14/18 |

Peede, Robert | Orange | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 7/19/18 |

Peterka, Daniel Jon | Okaloosa | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/22/18 |

Peterson, Charles | Pinellas | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 8/8/17 |

Peterson, Robert Earl | Duval | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 7/6/17 |

Pham, Tai | Seminole | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 3/22/17 |

Phillips, Galante | Duval | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Phillips, Harry Franklin | Miami-Dade | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/22/18 |

Philmore, Lenard James | Martin | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/25/18 |

Pietri, Norberto | Palm Beach | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 2/2/18 |

Poole, Mark | Polk | N | N | 11-1 | N*** | Relief granted 3/31/17; decision reversed 1/23/20 |

Pope, Thomas Dewey | Broward | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 2/28/18 |

Puiatti, Carl | Pasco | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/23/18 |

Quince, Kenneth Darcell | Volusia | Y | WAIVED JURY | N | 1/18/18 | |

Raleigh, Bobby Allen | Volusia | Y | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 2/28/18 |

Reaves, William | Indian River | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 5/2/18 |

Reese, John Loveman | Duval | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 1/4/19 |

Reynolds, Michael | Seminole | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 4/5/18 |

Rhodes, Richard Wallace | Pinellas | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/23/18 |

Rigterink, Thomas William | Polk | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Rimmer, Robert | Broward | N | N | 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Rivera, Michael | Broward | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 12/20/18 |

Robards, Richard | Pinellas | N | N | 7-5, 7-5 | Y | 4/6/17 |

Robinson, Michael Lee | Orange | Y | WAIVED JURY | N | 12/20/18 | |

Rodgers, Jeremiah | Santa Rosa | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 2/8/18 | |

Rodgers, Theodore | Orange | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 4/3/17 |

Rodriguez, Manuel Antonio | Miami-Dade | Y | Y | 12-0, 12-0, 12-0 | N | 1/31/18 |

Rogers, Glen Edward | Hillsborough | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/30/18 |

San Martin, Pablo | Miami-Dade | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 2/28/18 |

Schoenwetter, Randy | Brevard | N | N | 10-2, 9-3 | Y | 4/7/17 |

Seibert, Michael | Broward | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 6/22/17 |

Serrano, Nelson | Polk | N | N | 9-3, 9-3, 9-3, 9-3 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Sexton, John | Pasco | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Silvia, William | Seminole | N | N | 11-1 | N**** | Relief granted 2/20/17; decision reversed 2/1/18 |

Simmons, Eric Lee | Lake | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 12/22/16 |

Simpson, Jason | Duval | N | N | 9-3, 8-4 | Y | 5/6/18 |

Sireci, Henry Perry | Orange | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/31/18 |

Sliney, Jack R. | Charlotte | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/31/18 |

Smith, Corey | Miami-Dade | N | N | 9-3, 10-2 | Y | 3/16/17 |

Smith, Joseph | Sarasota | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 7/13/17 |

Smith, Stephen V. | Charlotte | N | Y | 9-3 | Y | 4/21/17 |

Smith, Terry | Duval | N | N | 8-4, 10-2 | Y | 9/20/18 |

Smithers, Samuel | Hillsborough | N | Y | 12-0, 12-0 | N | 3/29/18 |

Snelgrove, David B. | Flagler | N | N | 8-4, 8-4 | Y | 5/11/17 |

Sochor, Dennis | Broward | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/30/18 |

Sparre, David | Duval | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 12/19/19 |

Spencer, Dusty Ray | Orange | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 11/8/18 |

Stein, Steven Edward | Duval | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/31/18 |

Stephens, Jason Demetrius | Duval | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/22/18 |

Stewart, Kenneth Allen | Hillsborough | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 4/25/17 |

Stewart, Kenneth Allen | Hillsborough | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/26/18 |

Suggs, Ernest | Walton | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 3/17/17 |

Sweet, William Earl | Duval | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/24/18 |

Tanzi, Michael | Monroe | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 4/5/18 |

Taylor, John Calvin | Clay | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 10/12/17 |

Taylor, Perry | Hillsborough | Y | N | 8-4 | N | 5/3/18 |

Taylor, Steven Richard | Duval | Y | N | 10-2 | N | 1/24/18 |

Taylor, William Kenneth | Hillsborough | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 4/5/18 |

Thomas, William Gregory | Duval | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/24/18 |

Thompson, William | Miami-Dade | Y | N | 7-5 | N | 1/7/19 |

Tisdale, Eriese Alphonso | St. Lucie | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 11/8/18 |

Trease, Robert J. | Sarasota | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/24/18 |

Trepal, George | Polk | Y | N | 9-3 | N | 1/26/18 |

Trotter, Melvin | Manatee | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/26/18 |

Troy, John | Sarasota | N | N | 11-1 | Y | 6/13/17 |

Truehill, Quentin | St. Johns | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 2/23/17 |

Tundidor, Randy W. | Broward | N | Y | 12-0 | N | 4/27/17 |

Turner, James Daniel | St. Johns | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/19/17 |

Twilegar, Mark | Lee | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 11/2/17 | |

Victorino, Troy | Volusia | N | N | 10-2, 10-2, 9-3, 7-5 | Y | 6/14/17 |

Wade, Alan L. | Duval | N | N | 11-1, 11-1 | Y | 5/1/17 |

Walls, Frank | Okaloosa | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/22/18 |

Walton, Jason Dirk | Pinellas | Y | N | 9-3, 9-3, 9-3 | N | 5/17/18 |

Wheeler, Jason | Lake | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 5/23/17 |

White, Dwayne | Seminole | N | N | 8-4 | Y | 3/30/17 |

Whitfield, Ernest | Sarasota | Y | N | 7-5 | Y | 1/30/18 |

White, William Melvin | Orange | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/20/17 |

Whitton, Gary Richard | Walton | Y | Y | 12-0 | N | 1/31/18 |

Willacy, Chadwick | Brevard | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 1/23/18 |

Williams, Donald Otis | Lake | N | N | 9-3 | Y | 1/19/17 |

Williams, Ronnie Keith | Broward | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 6/29/17 |

Windom, Curtis | Orange | Y | Y | 12-0, 12-0, 12-0 | N | 1/23/18 |

Wood, Zachary Taylor | Washington | N | Y | 12-0 | Y***** | 1/31/17 |

Woodel, Thomas | Polk | N | N | 7-5 | Y | 8/18/17 |

Wright, Tavares | Polk | N | WAIVED JURY | N | 3/16/17 | |

Zack, Michael Duane | Escambia | Y | N | 11-1 | N | 6/15/17 |

Zakrzewski, Edward | Okaloosa | Y | N | 7-5, 7-5, 6-6 | N | 5/25/17 |

Zommer, Todd | Osceola | N | N | 10-2 | Y | 4/13/17 |

* The Florida Supreme Court granted relief under *Hurst* on Bevel’s non-unanimous death sentence, but granted relief based on ineffective assistance of counsel on Bevel’s unanimous death sentence.

** The Florida Supreme Court held that the circuit court properly allowed Davis to waive review of the *Hurst *issue*.*

**** *Poole was initially granted *Hurst *relief by a circuit court, but the Florida Supreme Court reversed based on a revised understanding of the jury sentencing requirement*.*

**** Silvia was initially granted *Hurst *relief by a circuit court, but the Florida Supreme Court reversed based on Silvia’s 2012 waiver of further post-conviction proceedings.

***** The Florida Supreme Court noted that Wood’s sentence would not have been harmless under *Hurst *because it struck two of the three aggravating circumstances found by the trial court; however, the court vacated the death sentence and imposed a life sentence under its statutory review for proportionality.

For more background on the Florida legislative and court actions related to the jury unanimity issue, see *Hurst v. Florida *Background.

To check on the status of cases involving Florida death-row prisoners with non-unanimous jury recommendations for death whose sentences became final after the U.S. Supreme Court’s June 2002 decision in *Ring v. Arizona*, see this chart.

DPIC has been working with Hannah Gorman of the Florida Center for Capital Representation at Florida International University College of Law to monitor the outcomes of challenges to Florida death sentences that were imposed under sentencing procedures that violate *Hurst v. Florida*. Ms. Gorman created the pie graph below based on her analysis of Florida death sentences that have been or will be overturned based on *Hurst*, as well as sentences that have been or will be affirmed because they either (A) became final before *Ring* (i.e., based on the date of their appeal) or (B) were presumed harmless based on a unanimous jury verdict or the defendant’s waiver of a jury sentence. The graph includes decisions of the Florida circuit courts, as well as state and federal appeal decisions. The graph has been updated periodically—most recently on June 27, 2019—to reflect ongoing litigation developments in the *Hurst* cases. According to this information, a total of 382 Florida prisoners were sentenced to death under the unconstitutional sentencing scheme, but only **41% (157) **of Florida death-row prisoners who were sentenced under that scheme will be granted relief.

Representation

Mar 26, 2020