Race of Death Row Inmates Executed Since 1976

National Statistics on the Death Penalty and Race

Death Row Populations by Race


National Statistics on the Death Penalty and Race


Execution information accurate as of October 29, 2014 following an execution in Texas
Race of Defendants Executed in the U.S. Since 1976
BLACK 480 34%
LATINO 111 8%
WHITE 775 56%
OTHER 24 2%

NOTE: The federal government counts some categories, such as Hispanics, as an ethnic group rather than a race. DPIC refers to all groups as races because the sources for much of our information use these categories.

race chart 1

Race of Victims Since 1976
BLACK 310 15.2%
LATINO 137 6.6%
WHITE 1555 76.0%
OTHER 45 2.2%


NOTE: Number of Victims refers to the victims in the underlying murder in cases where an execution has occurred since the restoration of the death penalty in 1976. There are more victims than executions because some cases involve more than one victim.

Race of Victim Figures up to 10/1/2014 from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (July 1, 2014)" in addition to DPIC data.

 

 race chart 2

"In 82% of the studies [reviewed], race of the victim was found to influence the likelihood of being charged with capital murder or receiving the death penalty, i.e., those who murdered whites were found more likely to be sentenced to death than those who murdered blacks."
- United States General Accounting Office, Death Penalty Sentencing, February 1990
Persons Executed for Interracial Murders in the U.S. Since 1976

The cases represented here are cases of one defendant executed for the murder of one or more victims of one race. Cases involving multiple victims of several different races are not included here.

  White Defendant / Black Victim (31)



  Black Defendant / White Victim (289)

 

Executions for Interracial Murders

Current U.S. Death Row Population by Race
BLACK 1,271 41.69%
LATINO 385 12.63%
WHITE 1,315 43.13%
OTHER 78 2.56%

Death Row Population Figures from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (July 1, 2014)"
race chart 3

 


Current Death Row Populations by Race
as of July 1, 2014


State Total Black White Latino Native Amer. Asian
Alabama 202 104 94 3 0 1
Arizona 123 15 77 26 3 2
Arkansas 34 21 13 0 0 0
California 745 270 257 180 12 26
Colorado 3 3 0 0 0 0
Connecticut 12 6 5 1 0 0
Delaware 18 11 4 3 0 0
Florida 404 152 217 32 1 2
Georgia 92 44 45 3 0 0
Idaho 12 0 12 0 0 0
Indiana 14 3 11 0 0 0
Kansas 10 4 6 0 0 0
Kentucky 34 5 29 0 0 0
Louisiana 85 56 25 3 0 1
Maryland 4 3 1 0 0 0
Mississippi 48 26 21 0 0 1
Missouri 42 16 26 0 0 0
Montana 2 0 2 0 0 0
Nebraska 11 2 4 5 0 0
Nevada 79 29 41 8 0 1
New Hampshire 1 1 0 0 0 0
New Mexico 2 0 2 0 0 0
North Carolina 162 82 66 5 8 1
Ohio 143 76 62 3 0 2
Oklahoma 49 20 24 2 3 0
Oregon* 36 3 28 3 1 0
Pennsylvania 191 105 68 17 0 1
South Carolina 48 27 20 1 0 0
South Dakota 4 0 4 0 0 0
Tennessee 75 33 38 1 1 2
Texas 277 116 76 80 0 5
Utah 9 1 5 2 1 0
Virginia 8 3 4 1 0 0
Washington 9 4 5 0 0 0
Wyoming 1 0 1 0 0 0
US Gov't 60 28 23 7 1 1
US Military 6 3 3 0 0 0

* One member of Death Row's race is not currently identified

(In this table, the total of inmates on death row will be slightly higher than the national total of 3,049 because some inmates were sentenced to death in more than one state and hence will be counted twice.)

Figures from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (July 1, 2014)"