Race of Death Row Inmates Executed Since 1976

National Statistics on the Death Penalty and Race

Death Row Populations by Race


National Statistics on the Death Penalty and Race


Execution information accurate as of September 18, 2014 following an execution in Texas
Race of Defendants Executed in the U.S. Since 1976
BLACK 480 34%
LATINO 110 8%
WHITE 775 56%
OTHER 24 2%

NOTE: The federal government counts some categories, such as Hispanics, as an ethnic group rather than a race. DPIC refers to all groups as races because the sources for much of our information use these categories.

race chart 1

Race of Victims Since 1976
BLACK 307 14.9%
LATINO 134 6.5%
WHITE 1550 76.3%
OTHER 44 2.1%


NOTE: Number of Victims refers to the victims in the underlying murder in cases where an execution has occurred since the restoration of the death penalty in 1976. There are more victims than executions because some cases involve more than one victim.

Race of Victim Figures up to 1/1/2014 from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (January 1, 2014)" in addition to DPIC data.

 

 race chart 2

"In 82% of the studies [reviewed], race of the victim was found to influence the likelihood of being charged with capital murder or receiving the death penalty, i.e., those who murdered whites were found more likely to be sentenced to death than those who murdered blacks."
- United States General Accounting Office, Death Penalty Sentencing, February 1990
Persons Executed for Interracial Murders in the U.S. Since 1976

The cases represented here are cases of one defendant executed for the murder of one or more victims of one race. Cases involving multiple victims of several different races are not included here.

  White Defendant / Black Victim (31)



  Black Defendant / White Victim (289)

 

Executions for Interracial Murders

Current U.S. Death Row Population by Race
BLACK 1,275 41.68%
LATINO 386 12.62%
WHITE 1,321 43.18%
OTHER 77 2.52%

Death Row Population Figures from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (April 1, 2014)"
race chart 3

 


Current Death Row Populations by Race
as of April 1, 2014


State Total Black White Latino Native Amer. Asian
Alabama 201 104 93 3 0 1
Arizona 123 15 77 26 3 2
Arkansas 34 21 13 0 0 0
California 743 269 257 180 12 25
Colorado 3 3 0 0 0 0
Connecticut 11 6 4 1 0 0
Delaware 18 11 4 3 0 0
Florida 404 148 221 32 1 2
Georgia 94 46 45 3 0 0
Idaho 12 0 12 0 0 0
Indiana 14 3 11 0 0 0
Kansas 10 4 6 0 0 0
Kentucky 34 5 29 0 0 0
Louisiana 89 59 26 3 0 1
Maryland 5 4 1 0 0 0
Mississippi 48 26 21 0 0 1
Missouri 44 17 27 0 0 0
Montana 2 0 2 0 0 0
Nebraska 11 2 4 5 0 0
Nevada 79 29 41 8 0 1
New Hampshire 1 1 0 0 0 0
New Mexico 2 0 2 0 0 0
North Carolina 161 82 65 5 8 1
Ohio 143 76 62 3 0 2
Oklahoma 50 21 24 2 3 0
Oregon* 35 3 27 3 1 0
Pennsylvania 194 108 68 17 0 1
South Carolina 48 27 20 1 0 0
South Dakota 3 0 3 0 0 0
Tennessee 75 33 38 1 1 2
Texas 276 113 77 81 0 4
Utah 9 1 5 2 1 0
Virginia 8 3 4 1 0 0
Washington 9 4 5 0 0 0
Wyoming 1 0 1 0 0 0
US Gov't 59 28 23 6 1 1
US Military 6 3 3 0 0 0

* One member of Death Row's race is not currently identified

(In this table, the total of inmates on death row will be slightly higher than the national total of 3,051 because some inmates were sentenced to death in more than one state and hence will be counted twice.)

Figures from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (April 1, 2014)"