Foreign Nationals

Executions of Foreign Nationals

Confirmed Foreign Nationals Executed Since 1976

With the exception of Angel Maturino Resendiz, all indications are that none of these executed individuals were informed by U.S. authorities upon arrest of their right to have their consulate notified of their detention, as required under Article 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations. In several instances, prisoners on this list did not learn of their right to request consular assistance for more than a decade, by which time the treaty violation was considered by the appellate courts to be a procedurally defaulted claim. Cases indicated with (#) are those in which the consular notification issue was raised on appeal or in clemency proceedings (major appellate opinions on consular rights are in brackets).

DateFirst NameLast NameVCCR Claim RaisedRaceCountry of CitizenshipStateRace of VictimsExecution Method

04/13/1988

Leslie

Lowenfield

Black

Guyana

Louisiana

5 Black

Electrocution

03/23/1993

Carlos

Santana

#

Latino

Dominican Republic

Texas

1 Latino

Lethal Injection

03/25/1993

Ramon

Montoya

#

Latino

Mexico

Texas

1 White

Lethal Injection

03/25/1997

Pedro

Medina

Latino

Mexico

Florida

1 Black

Electrocution

06/18/1997

Irineo

Montoya

#

Latino

Mexico

Texas

1 White

Lethal Injection

09/17/1997

Mario

Murphy

# (Fourth Circuit)

Latino

Mexico

Virginia

1 White

Lethal Injection

04/14/1998

Angel

Breard

# (US Supreme Court)

Latino

Paraguay

Virginia

1 White

Lethal Injection

04/22/1998

Jose

Villafuerte

#

Latino

Honduras

Arizona

1 Latino

Lethal Injection

12/10/1998

Tuan

Nguyen

Asian

Vietnam

Oklahoma

3 White

Lethal Injection

02/09/1999

Jaturun

Siripongs

#

Asian

Thailand

California

2 Asian

Lethal Injection

02/24/1999

Karl

LaGrand

# (Ninth Circuit)

White

Germany

Arizona

1 White

Lethal Injection

03/03/1999

Walter

LaGrand

# (Ninth Circuit)

White

Germany

Arizona

1 White

Gas

04/05/1999

Alvaro

Calambro

#

Asian

Philippines

Nevada

2 White

Lethal Injection

06/17/1999

Stanley

Faulder

# (Fifth Circuit)

White

Canada

Texas

1 White

Lethal Injection

11/09/2000

Miguel

Flores

# (Fifth Circuit)

Latino

Mexico

Texas

1 White

Lethal Injection

04/21/2001

Sebastian

Bridges

White

South Africa

Nevada

1 White

Lethal Injection

12/06/2001

Sahib

Al-Mosawi

#

Other Race

Iraq

Oklahoma

2 Other Race

Lethal Injection

08/14/2002

Javier

Medina

#

Latino

Mexico

Texas

1 Latino

Lethal Injection

10/02/2002

Rigoberto

Sanchez-Velasco

Latino

Cuba

Florida

1 Latino

Lethal Injection

11/14/2002

Mir

Kasi

#

Other Race

Pakistan

Virginia

1 White

Lethal Injection

03/23/2004

Hung

Le

#

Asian

Vietnam

Oklahoma

1 Asian

Lethal Injection

06/27/2006

Angel

Resendiz

Latino

Mexico

Texas

1 Latino

Lethal Injection

08/05/2008

Jose

Medellin

# (US Supreme Court)

Latino

Mexico

Texas

2 White

Lethal Injection

08/07/2008

Heliberto

Chi

#

Latino

Honduras

Texas

1 White

Lethal Injection

02/19/2009

Edward

Bell

#

Black

Jamaica

Virginia

1 White

Lethal Injection

11/10/2009

Yosvanis

Valle

#

Latino

Cuba

Texas

1 Latino

Lethal Injection

07/07/2011

Humberto

Leal

# (US Supreme Court)

Latino

Mexico

Texas

1 Latino

Lethal Injection

09/28/2011

Manuel

Valle

#

Latino

Cuba

Florida

1 Latino

Lethal Injection

01/22/2014

Edgar

Tamayo

#

Latino

Mexico

Texas

1 White

Lethal Injection

02/12/2014

Juan

Chavez

Latino

Cuba

Florida

1 White

Lethal Injection

04/09/2014

Ramiro

Hernandez

#

Latino

Mexico

Texas

1 White

Lethal Injection

10/01/2015

Alfredo

Prieto

Latino

El Salvador

Virginia

2 White

Lethal Injection

11/08/2017

Ruben

Cardenas

#

Latino

Mexico

Texas

1 Latino

Lethal Injection

11/14/2018

Roberto

Ramos

#

Latino

Mexico

Texas

3 Latino

Lethal Injection

Foreign Nationals with Scheduled Execution Dates

DateNameNationalityState
N/A N/A N/A N/A

Deaths in Custody

DateNameVCCR Claim RaisedNationalityState
12/26/2002 Claude Maturana# France Arizona
3/5/2006 Anibal Garcia Rousseau Cuba Texas
7/26/2009 Miguel Angel Martinez# Mexico California
3/7/2013 German Sinisterra# Columbia Federal
4/26/2015 Benito Albarran Ocampo# Mexico Alabama
9/7/2017 Alberto Carreon Martinez# Mexico Arizona

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